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Table 5 Food Group Intakes

From: The quality of girls' diets declines and tracks across middle childhood

  Recommended # of Servings a # of Servings b % Meeting Recommendations
  Age 2–6 Older Children Age 5 Age 7 Age 9 Age 5 Age 7 Age 9
Grains 6 9 5.2 ± 1.6 5.6 ± 1.5 δ 6.1 ± 1.7 ψ 23 1 7*
Vegetables 3 4 1.5 ± 1.1 1.7 ± 1.0 δ 1.9 ± 0.9 δ 8 2 3*
Fruit 2 3 1.5 ± 1.2 1.4 ± 1.3 1.3 ± 1.1 27 8 7*
Dairy 2 2–3 2.7 ± 1.4 2.9 ± 1.3 2.9 ± 1.3 69 73 36*
Meat 2 2 1.3 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.6 ‡δ 1.5 ± 0.6 δ 13 13 20
Fats and Sweets N/A N/A 5.0 ± 2.8 5.2 ± 2.5 5.4 ± 2.6 N/A N/A N/A
  1. a Recommendations are from the Food Guide Pyramid [12]. b Mean ± SD; values with different symbols are significantly different at p < 0.0001, except for meat at p < 0.01 * Significant decrease from age 5 to age 9 at p < 0.0001, except for vegetables at p < 0.01