Skip to main content

Table 4 Association of general safety and specific safety components with leisure-time walking and -cycling

From: Neighbourhood safety and leisure-time physical activity among Dutch adults: a multilevel perspective

  Odds ratio (95% CI)
Model 1 (age, gender, ethnicity, household comp.) Model 2 (+education, income, wealth) Model 3 (+population density)
Leisure-time walking   
General safety 0.96 (0.86 – 1.08) 0.95 (0.85 – 1.06) 0.92 (0.81 – 1.05)
Physical disorder 0.94 (0.86 – 1.03) 0.94 (0.86 – 1.03) 0.90 (0.81 – 1.01)
Social disorder 0.94 (0.84 – 1.04) 0.95 (0.85 – 1.05) 0.92 (0.82 – 1.04)
Crime-related fear 0.98 (0.90 – 1.06) 0.98 (0.90 – 1.06) 0.97 (0.88 – 1.06)
Traffic safety 1.02 (0.95 – 1.09) 1.00 (0.94 – 1.07) 1.00 (0.93 – 1.06)
Leisure-time cycling    
General safety 1.50 (1.34 – 1.68)* 1.42 (1.27 – 1.59)* 1.40 (1.23 – 1.60)*
Physical disorder 1.34 (1.22 – 1.47)* 1.28 (1.17 – 1.41)* 1.27 (1.14 – 1.42)*
Social disorder 1.31 (1.18 – 1.46)* 1.27 (1.14 – 1.41)* 1.22 (1.08 – 1.37)*
Crime–related fear 1.29 (1.19 – 1.40)* 1.26 (1.16 – 1.37)* 1.23 (1.12 – 1.35)*
Traffic safety 1.13 (1.05 – 1.20)* 1.10 (1.04 – 1.18)* 1.09 (1.02 – 1.17)*
Intraclass Correlation Coefficient   
Leisure-time walking 0.00 (0.00 – 0.04) 0.00 (0.00 – 0.62) 0.00 (0.00 – 0.99)
Leisure-time cycling 0.01 (0.01 – 0.02)* 0.01 (0.00 – 0.02)* 0.01 (0.00 – 0.02)*
  1. * p≤0.05.
\