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Table 5 Association of general safety with leisure-time walking and cycling in different subgroups

From: Neighbourhood safety and leisure-time physical activity among Dutch adults: a multilevel perspective

  Leisure-time walking Leisure-time cycling
Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value of interaction Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value of interaction
Age-gender category     
Men 18–30 years 0.42 (0.27 – 0.65)* Reference 1.25 (0.80 – 1.94) Reference
Men 31–45 years 0.90 (0.67 – 1.21) <0.01* 1.25 (0.93 – 1.69) 0.99
Men 46–65 years 1.15 (0.87 – 1.51) <0.01* 1.37 (1.04 – 1.80)* 0.72
Men > 65 years 0.65 (0.45 – 0.93)* 0.14 1.53 (1.06 – 2.19)* 0.48
Women 18–30 years 1.12 (0.76 – 1.64) <0.01* 1.01 (0.69 – 1.48) 0.47
Women 31–45 years 1.20 (0.90 – 1.60) <0.01* 1.39 (1.05 – 1.84)* 0.68
Women 46–65 years 1.06 (0.80 – 1.42) <0.01* 1.74 (1.32 – 2.30)* 0.20
Women > 65 years 1.02 (0.73 – 1.43) <0.01* 2.23 (1.57 – 3.16)* 0.04*
Educational level a     
Higher educated 1.04 (0.88 – 1.22) Reference 1.37 (1.17 – 1.61)* Reference
Lower educated 0.79 (0.66 – 0.95)* 0.02* 1.48 (1.22 – 1.78)* 0.51
Population density     
Very dense 0.98 (0.75 – 1.27) Reference 1.70 (1.30 – 2.23)* Reference
Dense 0.96 (0.76 – 1.21) 0.91 1.33 (1.05 – 1.68)* 0.17
Moderately dense 0.89 (0.67 – 1.19) 0.64 1.41 (1.06 – 1.88)* 0.34
Slightly dense 0.84 (0.60 – 1.18) 0.50 1.24 (0.88 – 1.74) 0.15
Not dense 0.86 (0.55 – 1.34) 0.62 1.23 (0.79 – 1.92) 0.22
  1. * p≤0,05.
  2. aHigher educated: tertiary education, upper level secondary education.
  3. Lower educated: mid and lower level secondary education, primary education.
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