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Table 2 Change in health behaviours between baseline and one year in the ADDITION-Plus cohort stratified by sex a

From: Predictors of change in objectively measured and self-reported health behaviours among individuals with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes: longitudinal results from the ADDITION-Plustrial cohort

Variables Men Women
  Baseline 1 year Difference (95% CI) Baseline 1 year Difference (95% CI)
Objectively measured health behaviours       
Physical activity energy expenditure (kJ/kg/d), n Not measured 270, 37.8 ± 18.1 - Not measured 160, 29 ± 13.6 -
Plasma vitamin C (μmol/l), n 260, 47.1 ± 19.1 260, 49.9 ± 21.9 2.78 (0.21, 5.35)* 152, 55.7 ± 20.8 152, 59.6 ± 20.8 3.91 (0.37, 7.45)*
Self-reported health behaviours       
Total physical activity (MET h/d), n 280, 13.2 ± 8.2 280, 13.5 ± 8.4 0.25 (−0.57, 1.07) 168, 10.1 ± 5.5 168, 10.9 ± 5.7 0.85 (0.11, 1.59)*
Fat intake (g/day), n 279, 71.5 ± 30.6 279, 61.5 ± 22.2 −10.04 (−13.06, -7.01)*** 166, 63.4 ± 28.2 166, 58.6 ± 23.5 −4.82 (−8.69, -0.95)*
Energy intake (kcal/d), n 279, 2004 ± 657 279, 1790 ± 498 −214 (−279, -149)*** 166, 1776 ± 594 166, 1681 ± 504 −95 (−178, -12)*
Fruit intake (g/d), n 261, 253.4 ± 199.7 261, 292.7 ± 207.3 39.26 (12.64, 65.89)** 155, 303 ± 189.4 155, 343 ± 229.3 40.03 (5.85, 74.2)*
Vegetable intake (g/d), n 259, 209.8 ± 114.3 259, 229.2 ± 146 19.41 (5.19, 33.64)** 145, 277.5 ± 180.9 145, 277.6 ± 133.7 0.09 (−26.17, 26.36)
  1. Values are means ± SD.
  2. aSample sizes differ due to missing data.
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001.
  4. 95% CI, confidence interval.