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Table 6 Dietary outcomes at baseline, 12 weeks, 6 months and 12 months: p-FFIT study

From: Weight management for overweight and obese men delivered through professional football clubs: a pilot randomized trial

  Groupa Baseline 12 weeks Between group difference in change between baseline and 12 weeks 6 months 12 months
   Mean(sig p-value)± SD (No)   Mean(sig p-value)± SD (No)
Breakfast (times/week) Inter 4.6 ± 1.9 (51) 5.6(.002) ± 0.8 (39) .004 5.5(.005) ± 0.9 (40) 5.4 ± 1.2 (39)
Comp 4.2 ± 2.2 (52) 4.4 ± 2.2 (38)   
Cheese (times/week) Inter 2.3 ± 1.7 (49) 1.7(.044) ± 1.4 (39)   1.7 ± 1.2 (40) 2.3 ± 1.7 (40)
Comp 2.5 ± 1.6 (51) 2.6 ± 1.7 (38)   
Beef burgers or sausages(times/week) Inter 1.4 ± 1.0 (51) 0.8(.002) ± 0.8 (39)   1.1 ± 0.8 (39) 1.0 ± 0.9 (39)
Comp 1.4 ± 1.2 (52) 1.2 ± 0.8 (37)   
Beef, pork or lamb (times/week) Inter 2.4 ± 1.5 (51) 2.1 ± 1.4 (39)   2.3 ± 1.2 (40) 2.0 ± 1.4 (40)
Comp 2.1 ± 1.3 (52) 2.0 ± 1.4 (38)   
Fried food (times/week) Inter 1.3 ± 1.1 (50) 1.0 ± 1.2 (37)   0.9 ± 0.9 (40) 0.9 ± 0.7 (40)
Comp 1.8 ± 1.7 (52) 1.5 ± 1.5 (37)   
Chips
(times/week)
Inter 1.9 ± 1.4 (50) 1.3(.038) ± 1.4 (39)   1.1(.005) ± 1.0 (40) 1.1(.001) ± 0.8 (39)
Comp 1.8 ± 1.6 (52) 1.7 ± 1.4 (38)   
Bacon or processed meats (times/week) Inter 1.8 ± 1.4 (51) 1.1 ± 1.1 (38) .010 1.5 ± 1.3 (40) 1.5 ± 1.5 (39)
Comp 1.7 ± 1.4 (52) 1.9 ± 1.3 (38)   
Pies, quiches or pastries (times/week) Inter 1.3 ± 1.1 (50) 0.9(.040) ± 0.7 (38)   1.0 ± 1.2 (40) 0.8 ± 0.8 (39)
Comp 1.2 ± 1.0 (52) 1.5 ± 1.1 (38)   
Crisps (times/week) Inter 2.3 ± 2.0 (50) 1.1(.003) ± 1.3 (38) .050 2.0 ± 1.8 (40) 1.8 ± 1.5 (40)
Comp 2.4 ± 2.0 (52) 2.0 ± 2.0 (38)   
Fast foods (times/week) Inter 1.1 ± 1.3 (51) 0.8 ± 0.8 (39)   0.9 ± 0.9 (40) 0.8 ± 0.8 (40)
Comp 1.5 ± 1.4 (51) 1.0 ± 1.0 (38)   
Fruit and vegetables (times/day) Inter 2.1 ± 1.7 (51) 3.9(<.001) ± 1.8 (39) .010 3.5(<.001) ± 1.7 (40) 3.5(<.001) ± 1.6 (40)
Comp 1.7 ± 1.4 (52) 2.4(.023) ± 1.7 (38)   
Chocolates or sweets (times/day) Inter 1.6 ± 1.3 (51) 0.8(<.001) ± 0.4 (39) .037 0.8(.001) ± 0.7 (40) 0.9(.008) ± 0.5 (40)
Comp 1.7 ± 1.6 (52) 1.5 ± 1.4 (38)   
Biscuits (times/day) Inter 1.7 ± 1.3 (50) 0.9(.001) ± 0.8 (39) .008 1.2 ± 1.0 (40) 1.1(.003) ± 0.8 (40)
  Comp 1.6 ± 1.4 (52) 1.7 ± 1.4 (38)    
Sugary drinks (times/day) Inter 1.7 ± 1.7 (51) 1.3 ± 1.7 (39) .001 1.2 ± 1.5 (40) 1.5 ± 1.5 (40)
Comp 1.7 ± 1.8 (52) 2.3(.006) ± 2.1 (38)   
Milk (pints/day) Inter 0.4 ± 0.3 (51) 0.4 ± 0.3 (39)   0.3 ± 0.3 (40) 0.4 ± 0.4 (40)
Comp 0.5 ± 0.4 (52) 0.4 ± 0.3 (38)   
  1. Note. Intervention group measured at baseline, 12 weeks, 6 months and 12 months; comparison group measured at baseline and 12 weeks only. Significant p-values (sig p-value) are reported for before-and-after within-group differences at 12 weeks, 6 months and 12 months, and between-group differences at 12 weeks. Sample sizes vary due to missing values.
  2. aInter = intervention group; Comp = comparison group.