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Table 1 Sample characteristics (n=252)

From: Relationships among parent and youth healthful eating attitudes and youth dietary intake in a cross-sectional study of youth with type 1 diabetes

  Mean ± SD or N (%)
Demographics  
Age (years) 13.2 ± 2.8
Sex  
  Female 122 (48.4)
  Male 130 (51.6)
Race/ethnicity  
  White, not Hispanic 231 (91.7)
  Hispanic 9 (3.6)
  Black 6 (2.4)
  Other 6 (2.4)
Highest parent education level  
  High school or equivalent 22 (8.7)
  Junior college, technical, or some college 43 (17.1)
  College degree 112 (44.4)
  Graduate education 75 (29.8)
Family income (annual $)  
  <30,000 22 (9.0)
  30,000-49,999 17 (7.0)
  50,000-69,999 31 (12.7)
  70,000-99,999 52 (21.2)
  100,000-149,999 57 (23.3)
  >150,000 66 (26.9)
Diabetes and health-related characteristics  
Duration of diabetes (years) 6.3 ± 3.4
Regimen  
  Injection 79 (31.3)
  Pump 173 (68.7)
Daily frequency of blood glucose monitoring 5.4 ± 2.2
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 8.5 ± 1.3
Healthy Eating Index 2005 53.4 ± 11.0
Nutrient-Rich Food 9.3 score 20.8 ± 10.3