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Table 2 Total and direct effects (OR, 95% confidence intervals) of family environment variables on duration of sports participation (>=30 mins/wk)

From: Direct and indirect associations between the family physical activity environment and sports participation among 10–12 year-old European children: testing the EnRG framework in the ENERGY project

  Total effect (c-path)1 Direct effect (c’-path)2
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Number of PA equipment items 1.16 (1.12, 1.20)** 1.11 (1.08, 1.16)**
Financial support 1.53 (1.45, 1.61)** 1.44 (1.37, 1.52)**
Logistic support 1.47 (1.40, 1.55)** 1.40 (1.33, 1.47)**
Emotional support 1.51 (1.40, 1.62)** 1.39 (1.29, 1.50)**
Reinforcement 1.03 (0.98, 1.09) 1.01 (0.95, 1.07)
Parental modelling (hr/week) 1.07 (1.04, 1.10)** 1.06 (1.03, 1.08)**
Co-participation 1.01 (0.97, 1.06) 0.99 (0.94, 1.04)
  1. * p < 0.01, ** p < 0.001: multi-level mixed effects linear regression (xtmelogit).
  2. 1 Model adjusted for covariates (child age, sex, responding parents’ highest education level).
  3. 2 Model adjusted for covariates and significant mediators (multiple mediator models).