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Table 3 Factors associated with availability of fruit, vegetables and pizza/hamburgers/hot dogs in elementary (N = 369) and middle/high schools (N = 118)

From: School nutritional capacity, resources and practices are associated with availability of food/beverage items in schools

  Availability of fruit Availability of vegetables Availability of pizza/hamburgers/hot dogs
  Elementary schools Middle/high schools Elementary schools Middle/high schools Elementary schools Middle/high schools
  Coefficient Coefficient Coefficient Coefficient Coefficient Coefficient
  [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI] [95% CI]
  p-value p-value p-value p-value p-value p-value
Constant -2.03 -2.77 -7.76 -1.03 -4.55 3.25
  [-5.32; 1.27] [-8.33; 2.80] [-12.70; -2.83] [-5.43; 3.37] [-8.42; -0.67] [-1.42; 7.92]
  p = .055 p = .329 p = .002** p = .647 p = 022* p = .170
  School socio-demographic characteristics (Covariates)
School size -0.79 -0.12 -0.41 0.32 0.01 -0.10
  [-1.61; -0.02] [-0.57; 0.34] [-1.44; 0.61] [-0.11; 0.76] [-0.79; 0.80] [-0.48; 0.27]
  p = .055 p = .619 p = .429 p = .143 p = .984 p = .580
School setting Urban 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
  Suburban -0.94 0.87 -0.31 0.41 -0.56 0.23
    [-1.69; -0.18] [-0.81; 2.55] [-1.49; 0.87] [-0.84; 1.66] [-1.55; 0.43] [-0.86; 1.31]
    p = .015* p = .310 p = .607 p = .521 p = .270 p = .682
  Rural -0.03 0.15 .26 -0.51 0.30 -1.42
    [-0.87; 0.82] [-1.51; 1.82] [-1.05; 1.56] [-1.86; 0.84] [-0.73; 1.33] [-2.72; -0.12]
    p = .953 p = .858 p = .701 p = .461 p = .565 p = .032*
  School characteristics
Policy institutionalization District guidelines -0.97 -0.08 -0.95 -0.49 0.04 -0.08
  [-2.00; 0.07] [-2.07; 1.92] [-2.22; 0.31] [-2.13; 1.14] [-0.98; 1.05] [-1.60; 1.45]
    p = .068 p = .940 p = .139 p = .553 p = .944 p = .920
  School guidelines 0.87 -0.55 -0.03 -0.03 -0.61 1.05
    [-0.24; 1.98] [-3.53; 2.44] [-1.57; 1.51] [-2.46; 2.39] [-1.88; 0.67] [-1.48; 3.58]
    p = .124 p = .716 p = .966 p = .978 p = .350 p = .408
Climate -0.48 0.48 0.07 -0.57 0.35 -0.32
    [-1.04; 0.08] [-0.42; 1.38] [-0.71; .86] [-1.42; 0.27] [-0.33; 1.03] [-1.07; 0.42]
    p = .092 p = .292 p = .852 p = .183 p = .316 p = .396
Capacity & resources – Nutritional resources 1.91 1.49 1.65 1.75 0.85 0.09
    [0.99; 2.82] [-0.14; 3.12] [0.42; 2.89] [0.42; 3.09] [-0.16; 1.87] [-1.01; 1.19]
    p ≤ .000** p = .073 p = .009** p = .010** p = .098 p = .871
Capacity & resources – Program participation BCSFVNP No 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
   Yes 1.51 -0.35 1.00 -0.20 -0.11 0.75
    [0.89; 2.14] [-1.78; 1.08] [0.10; 1.90] [-1.35; 0.96] [-0.86; 0.64] [-0.33; 1.83]
    p ≤ .000** p = .629 p = .029* p = .738 p = .773 p = .171
  BC Milk Program No 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
   Yes 1.12 1.71 0.52 -0.35 0.08 -0.39
    [0.51; 1.72] [-0.50; 3.93] [-0.41; 1.44] [-1.88; 1.17] [-0.64; 0.80] [-1.62; 0.85]
    p ≤ .000** p = .124 p = .270 p = .636 p = .827 p = .528
School nutrition practices -0.08 0.03 0.05 -0.01 -0.07 -0.06
    [-0.22; 0.06] [-0.12; 0.18] [-0.16; 0.25] [-0.15; 0.12] [-0.22; 0.08] [-0.18; 0.05]
    p = .282 p = .695 p = .649 p = .833 p = .383 p = .292
  School internal and external influences
Internal and external Support 0.21 0.03 1.02 0.08 0.26 -0.54
    [-0.85; 1.26] [-1.42; 1.48] [-0.43; 2.47 [-1.16; 1.33] [-0.84; 1.36] [-1.66; 0.57]
    p = .700 p = .969 p = .169 p = .896 p = .643 p = .339
  1. CI = Confidence Interval; BCSFVNP = BC School Fruit and Vegetable Nutritional Program; BC = British Columbia;
  2. ** Significant at p < .01.
  3. * Trend towards statistical significance at p < .05.