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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of respondents by change in active travel a

From: Change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity in adults: longitudinal findings from the iConnect study

Characteristic All n=1628 Active travel decreased n=565 Active travel was maintained n=534 Active travel increased n=529
  mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD) mean (SD)
Age (years) 54.4 (16.3) 52.2 (16.6) 59.2 (14.8) 52.9 (16.3)
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 25.7 (4.6) 25.3 (4.5) 26.5 (4.7) 25.5 (4.6)
  n % n % n % n %
Site         
Cardiff 521 32.0 190 33.6 160 30.0 171 32.3
Kenilworth 651 40.0 193 34.2 113 48.9 197 37.2
Southampton 456 28.0 182 32.2 113 21.2 161 30.4
Sex         
Male 757 46.5 252 44.6 259 48.5 246 46.5
Female 871 53.5 313 55.4 275 51.5 283 53.5
Ethnicity         
White 1560 96.4 537 95.6 513 96.4 510 97.1
Other 59 3.6 25 4.5 19 3.6 15 2.9
Education         
University qualification 672 41.5 2556 45.5 188 35.5 229 43.3
‘A’ Level 261 16.1 93 16.6 85 16.0 83 15.7
GCSE 300 18.5 92 16.4 109 20.6 99 18.7
No formal qualification 386 23.8 120 21.4 148 27.9 118 22.3
Housing Tenure         
Owned 1374 84.4 464 82.2 482 90.3 428 80.9
Rented (private landlord) 135 8.3 56 9.9 23 4.3 56 10.6
Rented (local authority) 88 5.4 31 5.5 21 3.9 36 6.8
Other 31 1.9 14 2.5 8 1.5 9 1.7
Employment         
Full-time 641 39.4 208 36.8 219 41.0 214 40.5
Part-time 251 15.4 90 15.9 84 15.7 77 14.6
Student 49 3.0 25 4.4 9 1.7 15 2.8
Retired 560 34.6 193 34.2 197 36.9 174 32.9
Other 123 7.6 49 8.7 25 4.7 49 9.3
Household income         
>£40,000 559 37.0 186 35.7 195 38.9 178 36.4
£20,001 to £40,000 501 33.2 178 34.2 159 31.7 164 33.5
≤£20,000 451 29.9 157 30.1 147 29.3 147 20.6
No. of cars per adult         
None 168 10.3 68 12.1 33 6.2 67 12.7
<1 630 38.8 228 40.5 200 37.5 202 38.2
≥1 828 50.9 267 47.4 301 56.4 260 49.2
Children <16 years         
No 1345 82.6 459 81.2 456 85.4 430 81.3
Yes 283 17.4 106 18.8 78 14.6 99 18.7
  1. aNumbers do not always sum to totals due to missing responses.
  2. BMI: Body mass index.