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Table 5 Associations between sedentary time and the prevalence of MetS and its components

From: Objectively measured light-intensity lifestyle activity and sedentary time are independently associated with metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study of Japanese adults

  Sedentary time category  
Outcomes < 3.5 h/day 3.5–5.3 h/day ≥ 5.4 h/day P-value for trend
(n = 161) (n = 161) (n = 161)
MetS 1 (Reference) 1.30 (0.71 to 2.38) 2.27 (1.25 to 4.11)* 0.018
Abdominal obesity 1 (Reference) 1.47 (0.92 to 2.36) 1.72 (1.03 to 2.86)* 0.091
Hypertension 1 (Reference) 1.20 (0.76 to 1.91) 0.93 (0.57 to 1.53) 0.540
Hyperglycemia 1 (Reference) 0.82 (0.46 to 1.46) 1.10 (0.61 to 1.99) 0.607
Dyslipidemia 1 (Reference) 1.68 (0.88 to 3.24) 3.00 (1.60 to 5.64)* 0.002
  1. *P < 0.05; adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, calorie intake, accelerometer wear time and moderate–vigorous intensity physical activity. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; MetS, metabolic syndrome; MET, metabolic equivalent. Abdominal obesity: waist circumference ≥ 85 cm in men, ≥ 90 cm in women; hypertension: systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg; hyperglycemia: blood glucose ≥ 110 mg/dL; dyslipidemia: triglyceride ≥ 150 mg/dL and/or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level < 40 mg/dL.