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Table 4 Results for multiple linear hierarchical regression for change in family food environment and change in percentage of energy from saturated fat

From: Change in the family food environment is associated with positive dietary change in children

  β1 Std β 95% CI P value Adjusted R2 Model P value
Model 2b3 Knowledge and attitudes       0.18 <0.001
  Dairy messages (/3) -0.8 -0.2 -1.3 -0.2 0.01   
  Nutrition knowledge (/113) -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.01 0.03   
  Perceived responsibility (/5) -1.4 -0.3 -2.3 -0.4 <0.001   
  Perceived fresh food availability (/5) 0.3 0.05 -0.7 1.4 0.60   
  Perceived adequacy of child's diet (/5) -0.7 -0.1 -1.8 0.5 0.20   
  Parent’s meal preparation views (/5) -0.9 -0.1 -2.1 0.3 0.10   
  Concern for weight (/5) 0.4 0.1 -0.4 1.2 0.30   
Model 3b3 Parent shaping practices       0.11 0.006
  Teaching encouraging child about food (/5) -0.5 -0.05 -2.3 1.3 0.60   
  Restriction (/5) -1.4 -0.3 -2.3 -0.6 <0.001   
  Pressure to eat (/5) -0.3 -0.1 -1.0 0.5 0.50   
  Monitoring (/5) 0.2 0.03 -0.8 1.2 0.70   
Model 4b3 Parent behaviours and role modelling       0.04 0.136
  Food involvement (/7) -0.4 -0.1 -1.5 0.7 0.50   
  Family involvement in meal preparation (/5) 1.0 0.1 -0.5 2.6 0.20   
  Role modelling eating behaviours (/5) -0.4 -0.04 -2.1 1.4 0.70   
  TV interruptions to meals (/5) 0.1 0.02 -0.9 1.1 0.90   
  1. 1 Negative Beta value can be interpreted as an increase in the food environment construct was associated with a greater decrease in saturated fat. A positive Beta value can be interpreted as an decrease in the food environment construct was associated with a greater decrease in saturated fat.
  2. 2 Highest level of education completed (4 categories: primary school or less, some/completed high school, vocational/trade qualification, tertiary degree) and total household income (4 categories) were treated as continuous variables.
  3. 3 Analyses account for child (gender, age and BMI z score) and family demographics (household income, parent education and BMI).