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Table 3 Longitudinal associations between T1 weight-control intention and T2 behaviors, adjusting for T1 behavior

From: Behavior and weight correlates of weight-control efforts in Australian women living in disadvantage: The READI study

T2 behavioral outcomesa T1 weight-control effortb
Actively trying to avoid gaining weight Actively trying to lose weight
   OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p
PA/SB:        
Global PA Low (0–690 mins/week)       
Medium (691–1960 mins/week) 1.13 (0.82, 1.55) .453 1.20 (0.86, 1.67) .281
  High (1961+ mins/week) 1.54 (1.05, 2.27) .029 1.97 (1.33, 2.93) .001
Work PA Low (0 mins/week)       
Medium (1–420 mins/week) 0.95 (0.65, 1.40) .813 1.01 (0.68, 1.48) .975
  High (421+ mins/week 1.17 (0.73, 1.87) .520 1.17 (0.72, 1.88) .533
Transport PA Low (0–30 mins/week)       
Medium (31–140 mins/week) 1.22 (0.82, 1.82) .320 1.27 (0.91, 1.78) .156
  High (141+ mins/week) 1.47 (0.98, 2.21) .065 1.55 (1.03, 2.32) .036
Domestic PA Low (0–230 mins/week)       
Medium (231–780 mins/week) 1.35 (0.60, 2.02) .144 1.04 (0.72, 1.50) .849
  High (781+ mins/week) 1.01 (0.68, 1.53) .935 1.16 (0.77, 1.74) .473
Leisure-time PA Low (0–52 mins/week)       
Medium (53–225 mins/week) 0.98 (0.67, 1.45) .938 1.15 (0.76, 1.74) .502
  High (226+ mins/week) 1.87 (1.33, 2.63) <.0005 2.44 (1.61, 3.70) <.0005
Sitting Low (0–1770 mins/week)       
Medium (1771–3115 mins/week) 0.81 (0.59, 1.13) .224 0.93 (0.69, 1.24) .609
  High (3116+ mins/week) 0.84 (0.58, 1.21) .352 0.90 (0.59, 1.38) .638
TV Low (0–780 mins/week)       
Medium (781–1320 mins/week) 0.58 (0.39, 0.87) .008 0.72 (0.50, 1.05) .090
  High (1321+ mins/week) 0.66 (0.44, 1.01) .054 0.70 (0.47, 1.04) .078
Computer Low (0–270 mins/week)       
Medium (271–1260 mins/week) 0.84 (0.62, 1.15) .277 0.71 (0.51, 1.00) .048
  High (1261+ mins/week) 0.73 (0.51, 1.05) .093 0.94 (0.62, 1.43) .775
Screen time Low (0–1365 mins/week)       
Medium (1366–2570 mins/week) 0.61 (0.44, 0.87) .006 0.73 (0.51, 1.04) .079
  High (2571+ mins/week) 0.62 (0.43, 0.91) .015 0.91 (0.61, 1.35) .636
Dietary Intake:        
Vegetables Low (0–1 serves/day)       
Medium (2 serves/day) 1.35 (0.93, 1.95) .111 1.56 (1.04, 2.33) .030
  High (3+ serves/day) 1.40 (1.01, 1.95) .046 1.39 (0.95, 2.04) .087
Potato (fried) Low (<1 serve/week)       
Medium (1 serve/week) 0.68 (0.48, 0.97) .035 0.78 (0.55, 1.11) .160
  High (2+ serves/week) 0.73 (0.48, 1.10) .132 0.70 (0.49, 1.00) .052
Potato (nonfried) Low (0–1 serves/week)       
Medium (2–3 serves/week) 0.88 (0.62, 1.26) .494 0.81 (0.59, 1.09) .165
  High (4+ serves/week) 0.84 (0.57, 1.22) .358 0.80 (0.55, 1.17) .251
Fruit Low (<1 serve/day)       
Medium (1 serve/day) 1.03 (0.72, 1.50) .856 0.82 (0.57, 1.19) .306
  High (2+ serves/day) 1.57 (1.09, 2.25) .015 1.14 (0.79, 1.65) .488
Bread Low (0–1 slices/day)       
Medium (2 slices/day) 0.82 (0.60, 1.10) .184 0.84 (0.60, 1.16) .280
  High (3+ slices/day) 0.65 (0.47, 0.91) .011 0.72 (0.49, 1.06) .096
Salty snacks Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–3 times/month) 0.89 (0.63, 1.27) .528 0.78 (0.56, 1.11) .171
  High (1+ times/week) 0.76 (0.54, 1.06) .107 0.69 (0.47, 1.01) .056
Confectionery Low (0–3 times/month)       
Medium (Once/week) 0.94 (0.68, 1.29) .701 1.08 (0.80, 1.45) .610
  High (2+ times/week) 1.05 (0.76, 1.43) .782 1.05 (0.73, 1.51) .794
Cake/Sweet biscuits Low (0–3 times/month)       
Medium (Once/week) 1.16 (0.86, 1.57) .324 1.21 (0.86, 1.68) .274
  High (2+ times/week) 0.82 (0.59, 1.15) .260 1.05 (0.76, 1.44) .785
Meat pies/ Sausage rolls Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–3 times/month) 0.73 (0.54, 1.00) .049 0.66 (0.48, 0.89) .008
  High (1+ times/week) 0.56 (0.38, 0.85) .006 0.81 (0.50, 1.30) .374
Fast foods Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–3 times/month) 1.10 (0.83, 1.46) .501 0.99 (0.73, 1.34) .943
  High (1+ times/week) 0.99 (0.65, 1.53) .979 0.95 (0.62, 1.48) .837
Pizza Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–3 times/month) 0.98 (0.76, 1.27) .879 1.15 (0.93, 1.43) .206
  High (1+ times/week) 0.86 (0.51, 1.43) .558 0.94 (0.58, 1.52) .805
Red meat Low (0–1 times/week)       
Medium (2 times/week) 1.04 (0.72, 1.49) .837 1.20 (0.88, 1.65) .250
  High (3+ times/week) 0.88 (0.58, 1.34) .550 1.07 (0.77, 1.50) .682
Meat products Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–3 times/month) 0.87 (0.64, 1.18) .355 0.89 (0.64, 1.25) .514
  High (1+ times/week) 0.77 (0.61, 1.29) .529 0.77 (0.54, 1.09) .134
Chicken Low (0–3 times/month)       
Medium (Once/week) 0.83 (0.48, 1.42) .492 0.78 (0.47, 1.31) .347
  High (2+ times/week) 1.00 (0.62, 1.60) .994 0.77 (0.49, 1.20) .247
Fish Low (0–3 times/month)       
Medium (Once/week) 1.10 (0.83, 1.47) .515 0.82 (0.61, 1.10) .186
  High (2+ times/week) 1.46 (1.05, 2.03) .024 1.43 (1.04, 1.96) .029
Legumes Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–3 times/month) 1.19 (0.80, 1.75) .390 0.91 (0.69, 1.19) .495
  High (1+ times/week) 1.62 (1.19, 2.21) .002 1.35 (0.94, 1.93) .108
Eggs Low (0–3 times/month)       
Medium (Once/week) 1.15 (0.77, 1.71) .500 1.12 (0.76, 1.66) .553
  High (2+ times/week) 1.45 (1.01, 2.09) .045 1.73 (1.17, 2.54) .006
Nuts Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–3 times/month) 0.78 (0.53, 1.14) .192 1.01 (0.74, 1.37) .959
  High (1+ times/week) 1.04 (0.73, 1.50) .823 1.16 (0.80, 1.67) .437
Cheese Low (0–1 times/week)       
Medium (2 times/week) 1.10 (0.82, 1.47) .531 0.90 (0.67, 1.20) .470
  High (3+ times/week) 0.91 (0.65, 1.28) .592 0.88 (0.62, 1.27) .499
Yogurt Low (<once/month)       
Medium (1–4 times/month) 1.11 (0.74, 1.68) .619 0.78 (0.54, 1.14) .202
  High (2+ times/week) 1.21 (0.82, 1.78) .345 0.94 (0.63, 1.38) .737
Pasta/Rice/ Noodles Low (0–1 times/week)       
Medium (2 times/week) 0.78 (0.58, 1.05) .106 0.74 (0.57, 0.96) .024
  High (3+ times/week) 0.49 (0.32, 0.76) .001 0.75 (0.50, 1.13) .167
Breakfast cereal Low (0–3 times/month)       
Medium (1–6 times/week) 1.15 (0.85, 1.54) .363 1.16 (0.84, 1.59) .365
  High (1+ times/day) 1.48 (1.02, 2.16) .040 1.66 (1.15, 2.39) .006
Water Low (0–3 serves/day)       
Medium (4–7 serves/day) 1.53 (1.08, 2.15) .016 0.91 (1.23, 2.36) .540
  High (8+ serves/day) 2.03 (1.46, 2.83) <.0005 1.31 (0.93, 1.84) .117
Soft drink Low (0 serves/day)       
Medium (<1 serves/day) 0.81 (0.59, 1.11) .191 0.97 (0.71, 1.32) .824
  High (1+ serves/day) 0.90 (0.54, 1.50) .688 0.74 (0.47, 1.17) .201
Diet soft drink Low (0 serves/day)       
Medium (<1 serves/day) 0.93 (0.65, 1.33) .680 1.30 (0.87, 1.95) .203
  High (1+ serves/day) 0.72 (0.44, 1.20) .217 1.18 (0.74, 1.90) .480
Fruit juice Low (0 serves/day)       
Medium (<1 serves/day) 0.49 (0.36, 0.66) <.0005 0.48 (0.35, 0.67) <.0005
  High (1+ serves/day) 0.59 (0.41, 0.83) .003 0.50 (0.34, 0.72) <.0005
Alcohol Low (0–1 serves/day)       
Medium (2–3 serves/day) 1.10 (0.77, 1.56) .596 1.23 (0.93, 1.64) .150
  High (4+ serves/day) 1.28 (0.89, 1.84) .190 1.20 (0.83, 1.73) .340
  1. a ‘Low’ is the reference category for all outcomes.
  2. b ‘Not doing anything in particular regarding weight’ is the reference category for weight-control effort.
  3. Note: All analyses controlled for T1 behavior, BMI, maternal education, age, marital status, country of birth, and clustering by suburb. Bolded odds-ratios were significant.