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Table 4 Demographics of infant sample by breastfeeding groups

From: The association of breastfeeding duration with later maternal feeding styles in infancy and toddlerhood: a cross-sectional analysis

Demographics All infants BF< 3mos BF 3-6mos BF>6mos p-value
  n=79 n=21 n=28 n=30  
Mother Age, mean (SD) 30.4 (5.4) 28.9 (5.9) 30.0 (5.3) 31.8 (5.0) 0.16
Months of Any Breastfeeding, mean (SD)** 5.5 (3.6) 0.8 (0.8) 4.3 (1.2) 9.5 (1.5) 0.00
Months of Exclusive Breastfeeding, mean (SD) 2.4 (2.2) 0.5 (0.8) 1.8 (1.7) 3.6 (2.3) 0.00
Age at Introduction of Complementary foods (Months), mean (SD) 4.3 (1.3) 3.6 (1.1) 3.8 (1.5) 4.9 (1.1) 0.00
Infant Weight-for-length z-score −0.02 (0.9) −0.03 (1.0) 0.20 (0.8) 0.14 (0.9) 0.14
Never put Cereal in Bottle?† 45.9% 33.3% 32.1% 72.0% 0.01
Infant Gender      0.36
  Male 46.3% 33.3% 53.6% 48.4%  
  Female 53.8% 66.7% 46.4% 51.6%  
Mom Race Ethnicity      0.06
  White, non-Hispanic 37.5% 19% 32.1% 54.8%  
  Black, African American 30% 42.9% 25% 25.8%  
  Hispanic 32.5% 38.1% 42.9% 19.4%  
Parity      0.07
  Primiparious at Child’s Birth 45% 66.7% 35.7% 38.7%  
Household Income Level      0.61
  < $35,000 21.8% 35% 21.4% 13.3%  
  $35,000-45,999 23.1% 25% 21.4% 23.3%  
  $50,000-$74,999 20.5% 15% 25% 20%  
  $75,000-$99,999 16.7% 10% 21.4% 16.7%  
  ≥$100,000 17.9% 15% 10.7% 26.7%  
Maternal Education Level*      0.01
  College Graduate? 50% 42.9% 32.1% 71.0%  
Mother Employed?* 58.8% 76.2% 71.4% 35.5% 0.01
Mom Overweight or Obese 72.6% 85.0% 69.6% 66.7% 0.34
Family Participates in WIC* 40% 47.6% 57.1% 19.4% 0.01
  1. *p<0.05.
  2. **p<0.01.
  3. aFor mothers who were still breastfeeding, the duration of breastfeeding was put as their infant’s age at the time of enrollment.
  4. bBased on answering “Never” to the question, “I give/gave my child cereal in the bottle.”