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Table 5 Demographics of toddler sample and by breastfeeding groups

From: The association of breastfeeding duration with later maternal feeding styles in infancy and toddlerhood: a cross-sectional analysis

Demographics All toddlers BF< 3mos BF 3-6mos BF>6mos p-value
  n=75 n=21 n=14 n=40  
Mother Age, mean (SD) 30.5 (5.5) 30.8 (7.3) 27.9 (4.5) 31.2 (4.6) 0.15
Months of Any Breastfeeding, mean (SD)** 7.9 (6.5) 0.4 (0.5) 4.9 (1.0) 12.7 (4.8) 0.00
Months of Exclusive Breastfeeding, mean (SD) 3.0 (2.8) 0.2 (0.3) 1.7 (1.5) 4.5 (2.0) 0.01
Age at Introduction of Complementary Foods (Months), mean (SD) 4.9 (1.5) 4.2 (1.4) 4.4 (1.6) 5.2 (1.5) 0.00
Toddler Weight-for-length z-score −0.13 (1.0) −0.10 (1.1) 0.36 (0.9) 0.32 (0.9) 0.08
Never put Cereal in Bottle?† 45.9% 47.4% 30.8% 83.3% 0.01
Infant Gender      0.71
  Male 42.1% 38.1% 35.7% 46.3%  
  Female 57.9% 61.9% 64.3% 53.7%  
Mom Race Ethnicity*      0.03
  White, non-Hispanic 32.9% 14.3% 21.4% 46.3%  
  Black, African American 31.6% 47.6% 50% 17.1%  
  Hispanic 35.5% 38.1% 28.6% 36.6%  
Parity      0.93
  Primiparious at Child’s Birth 52.6% 52.4% 57.1% 51.2%  
Household Income Level      0.24
  < $35,000 28.3% 28.6% 50% 15.0%  
  $35,000-45,999 18.7% 23.8% 7.1% 20.0%  
  $50,000-$74,999 20.0% 25.8% 7.1% 22.5%  
  $75,000-$99,999 14.7% 9.4% 7.1% 20.0%  
  ≥$100,000 21.3% 14.3% 28.6% 22.5%  
Maternal Education Level*      0.02
  College Graduate? 61.8% 38.1% 57.1% 75.6%  
Mother Employed? 57.9% 52.4% 57.1% 61.0% 0.81
Mom Overweight or Obese 52.9% 47.4% 63.6% 29.4% 0.69
Family Participates in WIC** 21.1% 38.1% 42.9% 4.9% 0.00
  1. *p<0.05
  2. **p<0.01
  3. aFor mothers who were still breastfeeding, the duration of breastfeeding was put as their infant’s age at the time of enrollment.
  4. bBased on answering “Never” to the question, “I give/gave my child cereal in the bottle.”