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Table 6 ANCOVA† of Breastfeeding duration as a function of maternal feeding styles among infants

From: The association of breastfeeding duration with later maternal feeding styles in infancy and toddlerhood: a cross-sectional analysis

IFSQ Subscale BF<3 Mon (n=21) BF 3–6 Mon (n=28) BF>6 Mon (n=30) p-value
Responsiveness Subscales     
  Satiety and Hunger Cues* 4.2 (0.7) 4.6 (0.4) 4.7 (0.4) 0.02
  Attention & Interactions 3.4 (0.7) 3.3 (0.7) 3.5 (0.7) 0.65
Restriction Subscales     
  Amount of Food Consumed 3.3 (0.9) 3.2 (1.0) 2.8 (1.1) 0.37
  Diet Quality 2.8 (0.6) 2.8 (0.6) 3.0 (0.6) 0.92
Pressuring to Eat Subscales     
  To Soothe 2.4 (0.9) 2.0 (0.7) 2.1 (0.8) 0.11
  Finishing Food 2.4 (0.7) 2.4 (0.6) 2.1 (0.8) 0.80
  Cereal* 2.6 (1.1) 2.8 (1.0) 1.6 (0.8) 0.00
Indulgent Subscales     
  Coaxing 1.4 (0.5) 1.3 (0.3) 1.3 (0.4) 0.62
  Pampering 1.4 (0.5) 1.3 (0.3) 1.2 (0.4) 0.86
  Permissive 1.7 (0.7) 1.8 (0.6) 1.7 (0.6) 0.38
  Soothing 1.4 (0.5) 1.1 (0.2) 1.2 (0.3) 0.32
Laissez-faire Subscales     
  Attention 1.8 (0.7) 1.99 (0.7) 1.8 (0.6) 0.25
  Diet Quality 2.2 (0.8) 2.40 (1.0) 2.1 (0.7) 0.55
  1. †Covariates included were maternal ethnicity, marital status, and maternal education level.
  2. *p<0.05
  3. Note: IFSQ Subscales were scored from 1–5, where behaviors are scored from “1”-never to “5”-always and beliefs are scored from “1”-disagree to “5”-agree. The behavior portion of the Laissez-Faire Diet Quality Subscale was scored in descending order where “1”-always to “5”-never. IFSQ=Infant Feeding Styles Questionnaire; BF<3 Mon=Breastfed less than 3 months group; BF3-6 Mon= Breastfed for 3–6 months group; BF>6 Mon= Breastfed for more than 6 months group.