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Table 2 Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of being overweight and obese (compared to normal weight) for eating breakfast, lunch and dinner (compared to not eating the respective meals), never TV watching at breakfast lunch and dinner (compared to watching TV at the respective meals) in the total ENERGY-sample and for each country

From: Associations between eating meals, watching TV while eating meals and weight status among children, ages 10–12 years in eight European countries: the ENERGY cross-sectional study

Total (N = 7915) Breakfast yesterday Lunch yesterday Dinner yesterday Never TV at breakfast Never TV at lunch Never TV at dinner
Overweight *0.6 (0.5-0.7) 0.9 (0.7-1.3) *0.4 (0.3-0.5) 1.0 (0.9-1.1) *0.7 (0.7-0.8) *0.8 (0.7-0.9)
Obese *0.3 (0.3-0.4) 0.7 (0.4-1.1) *0.2 (0.1-0.3) 0.9 (0.7-1.1) *0.6 (0.4-0.7) *0.6 (0.5-0.8)
Belgium
Overweight *0.5 (0.3-0.7) Na Na 0.8 (0.5-1.2) 0.8 (0.5-1.2) *0.6 (0.4-1.0)
Obese 0.6 (0.2-1.5) Na Na 0.9 (0.4-2.1) 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 0.4 (0.2-1.1)
Greece
Overweight *0.7 (0.5-0.9) 1.6 (0.6-4.0) *0.6 (0.4-0.8) 1.3 (1.0-1.7) 0.9 (0.6-1.3) 1.2 (0.8-1.8)
Obese *0.3 (0.2-0.5) 0.3 (0.1-0.8) *0.4 (0.2-0.6) 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 0.7 (0.4-1.3) 0.9 (0.5-1.8)
Hungary
Overweight 0.7 (0.5-1.1) 0.9 (0.5-1.7) *0.5 (0.3-0.9) 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 0.9 (0.7-1.3) 0.9 (0.6-1.3)
Obese 0.9 (0.5-1.8) Na *0.3 (0.1-0.6) 0.7 (0.4-1.2) 0.9 (0.5-1.6) 1.7 (0.9-3.2)
The Netherlands
Overweight 0.5 (0.3-1.0) 1.0 (0.4-2.5) *0.2 (0.0-0.5) 0.5 (0.3-0.9) *0.6 (0.4-1.0) 0.8 (0.5-1.2)
Obese *0.2 (0.1-0.5) 0.8 (0.2-3.6) Na 0.8 (0.3-1.8) 0.7 (0.3-1.7) 0.5 (0.2-1.3)
Norway
Overweight 0.6 (0.3-1.1) *0.4 (0.3-0.7) 0.7 (0.2-1.8) 1.0 (0.7-1.6) 1.3 (0.8-1.9) 1.3 (0.9-2.0)
Obese 1Na Na Na 1.4 (0.4-4.2) 1.2 (0.4-3.7) Na
Slovenia
Overweight *0.7 (0.5-0.9) Na *0.5 (0.3-0.7) 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 1.1 (0.8-1.4) 1.3 (0.4-1.4)
Obese *0.6 (0.3-0.9) Na *0.4 (0.2-0.7) 0.6 (0.4-1.1) *0.5 (0.3-0.9) 0.8 (0.4-1.4)
Spain
Overweight 0.7 (0.3-1.6) Na 0.8 (0.3-2.0) 0.7 (0.5-1.0) 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.8 (0.5-1.3)
Obese Na Na Na 0.6 (0.3-1.4) Na Na
Switzerland
Overweight 0.6 (0.3-1.1) Na 0.4 (0.1-1.2) 0.7 (0.4-1.4) 0.7 (0.4-1.4) 1.0 (0.6-1.7)
Obese Na Na Na Na Na 1.4 (0.4-4.3)
  1. * p ≤ 0.05, reference category: normal weight, adjusted for gender, ethnicity and total TV time (only TV at meals variables) as potential confounding factors.
  2. 1Na: Non applicable due to fewer than 5 observations in subpopulations.