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Table 2 Associations of destination prevalence and diversity measures with weekly minutes of within-neighborhood walking for transport (N = 484)

From: Walking for transportation in Hong Kong Chinese urban elders: a cross-sectional study on what destinations matter and when

Destination categories Prevalence score Diversity score
  eb 95% CI p eb 95% CI p
Main effects       
Health clinics/ services 1.03 0.97, 1.09 .501 1.45a 1.06, 1.99 .048
Places of worship 1.06 0.95, 1.17 .463 1.45a 1.09, 1.92 .031
Public transit point 1.02 0.97, 1.08 .592 NA NA NA
Recreation 0.99 0.96, 1.03 .650 1.16b 1.04, 1.31 .008
Government/public 1.00 0.98, 1.03 .753 0.92 0.78, 1.09 .489
Entertainment 1.00 0.96, 1.05 .797 1.08 0.95, 1.23 .400
Non-food retail and services 1.01a 1.00, 1.01 .047 1.08 0.98, 1.20 .239
Food and grocery stores 1.02a 1.00, 1.03 .044 1.10 0.99, 1.23 .165
Restaurants 1.01c 1.01, 1.02 <.001 1.12 0.93, 1.35 .391
Interaction effects       
Destination category by Environmental attribute       
Recreation by Signs of crime/disorder       
Association at No signs of crime/disorder - - 1.19b 1.06, 1.33 .010
Association at 1SD above average Signs of crime/disorder - - 0.84 0.62, 1.13 .424
Recreation by Stray animals       
Association at No stray animals - - 1.23b 1.06, 1.45 .009
Association at 1SD above average Stray animals - - 0.71 0.49, 1.05 .155
Entertainment by Signs of crime/disorder       
Association at No signs of crime/disorder - - 1.35b 1.08, 1.71 .002
Association at 1SD above average Signs of crime/disorder - - 0.77 0.59, 1.02 .125
Non-food retail and services by Path obstructions       
Association at 1SD below average Path obstructions 1.00 0.99, 1.01 .798 - -
Association at 1SD above average Path obstructions 1.01b 1.00, 1.03 .008 - -
Non-food retail and services by Sloping streets       
Association at No sloping streets 1.01b 1.00, 1.02 .010 - -
Association at 1SD above average Sloping streets 1.00 1.00, 1.01 .148 - -
Food and grocery stores by Path obstructions       
Association at 1SD below average Path obstructions 1.02b 1.01, 1.05 <.001 - -
Association at 1SD above average Path obstructions 1.00 0.99, 1.02 .668 - -
Food and grocery stores by Sloping streets       
Association at No sloping streets 1.02a 1.01, 1.04 .032 - -
Association at 1SD above average Sloping streets 1.01 0.99, 1.02 .471 - -
  1. Note. NA not applicable. a p<.05; b p<.01; c p<.001; eb = antilogarithm of regression coefficient; 95% CI 95% confidence intervals; p = p-value. The antilogarithm of the regression coefficient is interpreted as the proportional increase (if >1.00) or decrease (if <1.00) in the outcome associated with a 1 unit increase in the predictor. All models adjusted for age, gender, educational attainment, neighborhood socio-economic status, neighborhood clustering effects, neighborhood safety, and infrastructure attributes.