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Table 2 Sample characteristics

From: Correlates of walking and cycling for transport and recreation: factor structure, reliability and behavioural associations of the perceptions of the environment in the neighbourhood scale (PENS)

  iConnect baseline survey Reliability study
Characteristic Respondents included in factor analysis Respondents included in environmental correlates analyses  
  n = 3494 n = 2937 n = 166
  % na % n % na
Sex       
Male 45.1 1560 45.6 1338 46.7 77
Age (years)       
<30 16.3 554 18.0 530 11.7 19
30-44 20.5 699 22.3 656 24.5 40
45-64 38.9 1324 39.5 1161 36.2 59
≥65 24.3 827 20.1 590 27.6 45
Ethnicity       
White 94.7 3220 95.2 2796 90.7 147
Other 5.3 179 4.8 141 9.3 15
Education       
Degree 40.7 1371 42.9 1259 31.7 51
GCE ‘A’ Level 17.8 599 18.9 556 17.4 28
GCSE Grades A to C 18.7 631 18.4 540 24.2 39
No formal qualification 22.8 766 19.8 582 26.7 43
Housing tenure       
Owned 74.7 2555 75.5 2218 81.1 133
Rented from private landlord 14.9 508 15.9 468 6.1 10
Rented from local authority 7.6 260 6.0 177 11.6 19
Other 2.8 97 2.5 74 1.2 2
Household cars       
0 13.4 457 12.2 359 12.3 20
1 41.1 1406 39.5 1159 43.8 71
2 or more 45.6 1559 48.3 1419 43.8 71
Household bicycles       
0 42.3 1382 40.9 1201 34.3 57
1 more 57.7 1888 59.1 1736 65.7 109
Residential location       
Urban 95.4 3333 95.7 2812 n/a n/a
Rural 4.6 161 4.3 125 n/a n/a
Site       
Cardiff 32.0 1118 31.8 934 n/a n/a
Kenilworth 32.0 1119 32.5 955 n/a n/a
Southampton 36.0 1257 35.9 1048 n/a n/a
  1. aNumbers do not sum up to a total due to missing responses; n/a: not applicable.