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Table 3 Fully standardised item loadings from CFA analyses of environmental perception items models a

From: Correlates of walking and cycling for transport and recreation: factor structure, reliability and behavioural associations of the perceptions of the environment in the neighbourhood scale (PENS)

   First-order (pooled sampleb) General-specific (pooled sampleb)
    Specific factors General factor
STANDARDISED LOADINGS    
Factors Items    
Traffic safety Walking safe from traffic 0.81 0.67 0.50
  Cycling safe from traffic 0.70 0.59 0.43
  Safe to cross roads 0.71 0.47 0.48
Supportive infrastructure Convenient walk/cycle routes 0.58 0.29 0.52
  Cycle routes 0.48 0.52 0.39
  Variety of walk/cycle routes 0.69 0.25 0.64
  Pleasant to walk/cycle 0.82 0.10 0.79
Local amenities Places to walk/cycle to 0.74 0.52 0.57
  Open spaces 0.71 0.55 0.54
  Pavements for walking 0.76 0.32 0.63
Social order Area safe from crime 0.79 0.31 0.49
  Free from litter 0.38 0.58 0.25
CORRELATION OF SUBSCALES Traf with Soc: 0.53 [all correlations automatically set at zero in general-specific models]
Traf with Infr: 0.58
Traf with Am: 0.48
Soc with Infr: 0.52
Soc with Am: 0.46
   Infr with Am: 0.75   
  1. aFitting models shown in Figure 1; bn = 1754, ‘test’ half of the core baseline sample; Traf = Traffic safety score, Soc = Social order score, Infr = Supportive infrastructure score, Am = Local amenities score.