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Table 6 Environmental factors and likelihood of participating in any cycling for transport or recreation

From: Correlates of walking and cycling for transport and recreation: factor structure, reliability and behavioural associations of the perceptions of the environment in the neighbourhood scale (PENS)

   CYCLING FOR TRANSPORT CYCLING FOR RECREATION
n = 2937a   MODEL 1b MODEL 2c MODEL 1b MODEL 2c
   OR (CI) p-value OR (CI) p-value OR (CI) p-value OR (CI) p-value
Traffic safety         
(3 items) Low 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
  Medium 0.91 (0.66-1.24) 0.530 0.83 (0.60-1.16) 0.274 0.81 (0.60-1.10) 0.178 0.82 (0.60-1.12) 0.205
  High 1.01 (0.73-1.40) 0.952 0.89 (0.61-1.29) 0.530 0.97 (0.71-1.33) 0.851 0.91 (0.64-1.31) 0.620
Supportive infrastructure         
(4 items) Low 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
  Medium 1.04 (0.73-1.48) 0.821 0.98 (0.67-1.42) 0.902 0.73 (0.53-1.02) 0.065 0.68 (0.48-0.97) 0.031*
  High 1.19 (0.83-1.71) 0.341 1.09 (0.72-1.66) 0.693 0.96 (0.68-1.34) 0.799 0.82 (0.55-1.22) 0.326
Local amenities         
(3 items) Low 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
  Medium 1.56 (0.75-3.26) 0.232 1.51 (0.72-3.18) 0.280 0.90 (0.47-1.71) 0.736 0.98 (0.51-1.89) 0.955
  High 1.83 (0.91-3.70) 0.090 1.69 (0.82-3.49) 0.156 1.25 (0.68-2.23) 0.473 1.38 (0.73-2.58) 0.321
Social order         
(2 items) Low 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
  Medium 1.05 (0.70-1.57) 0.811 1.05 (0.70-1.57) 0.808 1.28 (0.84-1.94) 0.251 1.30 (0.85-1.98) 0.228
  High 1.33 (0.88-2.01) 0.181 1.32 (0.86-2.01) 0.202 1.44 (0.94-2.20) 0.098 1.44 (0.93-2.22) 0.104
Street connectivity         
(1 items) Low 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
  Medium 1.95 (1.04-3.65) 0.038* 1.93 (1.02-3.63) 0.042* 0.75 (0.45-1.25) 0.269 0.77 (0.46-1.29) 0.323
  High 1.69 (0.93-3.06) 0.082 1.64 (0.90-2.99) 0.106 0.97 (0.61-1.54) 0.899 0.97 (0.60-1.55) 0.887
General environment quality         
(12 items) Low 1.0   - - 1.0   - -
  Medium 0.78 (0.40-1.50) 0.450 - - 0.54 (0.30-0.99) 0.046* - -
  High 0.98 (0.50-1.91) 0.956 - - 0.61 (0.33-1.13) 0.116 - -
  1. aiConnect core baseline sample; badjusted for sex, age, ethnic group, education, housing tenure, household cars, household bicycles, location (urban or rural) and case study site; cadjusted for b and the environmental factors which are not the independent variable in the analysis; *p < 0.05 #p < 0.01; OR = odds ratio; CI = 95% confidence interval.