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Table 5 Adjusted associations between daily MVPA/segmented across the day and temporal and demographic factors

From: Objectively measured physical activity in four-year-old British children: a cross-sectional analysis of activity patterns segmented across the day

  Exponentiated βb(95% C.I.)
  Daily total Morning Afternoon Evening
Sex (ref: male) 0.85 (0.77, 0.94)** 0.82 (0.73, 0.91)** 0.93 (0.84, 1.04) 0.83 (0.74, 0.94)**
Weight status (ref: normal weight)     
 Overweight 0.93 (0.80, 1.09) 0.91 (0.76, 1.08) 0.92 (0.79, 1.09) 0.94 (0.78, 1.13)
 Underweight 0.86 (0.70, 1.04) 0.89 (0.70, 1.12) 0.84 (0.68, 1.03) 1.01 (0.79, 1.28)
Child in full-time childcare (ref: part-time) 0.79 (0.66, 0.94)** 0.80 (0.65, 0.99)* 0.88 (0.72, 1.01) 1.04 (0.83, 1.30)
Age mother left full time education (ref: ≤16 years)     
 17-18 years 0.96 (0.85, 1.06) 0.97 (0.85, 1.12) 1.01 (0.89, 1.15) 0.84 (0.73, 0.98)*
 ≥18 years 0.94 (0.83, 1.06) 0.98 (0.85, 1.13) 1.05 (0.92, 1.19) 0.72 (0.62, 0.84)**
Time of the week (ref: weekday) 0.97 (0.93, 1.02) 0.83 (0.78, 0.89)** 1.09 (1.03, 1.17)** 1.08 (1.00, 1.17)*
Season (ref: winter)     
 Spring 1.18 (1.03, 1.36)* 1.08 (0.92, 1.27) 1.07 (0.93, 1.24) 1.11 (0.94, 1.31)
 Summer 1.15 (1.01, 1.33)* 0.93 (0.79, 1.09) 1.07 (0.92, 1.24) 1.38 (1.16, 1.64)*
 Autumn 1.08 (0.93, 1.23) 0.99 (0.85, 1.16) 0.98 (0.85, 1.12) 0.98 (0.83, 1.15)
  1. bExponentiated β or geometric mean ratio (GMR) - any deviation from 1 indicates a% difference in moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) relative to the reference category for the given time segment. Final results from a two-level random intercept models adjusted for sex, weight status, time in childcare, age child’s mother left full-time education, time of the week (weekday vs. weekend) and season (Winter: December-February; Spring: March-May; Summer: June-August; Autumn: September-November); *p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01.