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Table 4 Association of SES indicators and general parenting with child BMI z-scores

From: Development of the Comprehensive General Parenting Questionnaire for caregivers of 5-13 year olds

   Regression coefficient ( ß)
   Child BMI z-score (n = 1015) Child BMI z-score (n = 755)
   Total sample Only children with BMIz > -1.0
SES indicators Parent education level -0.096** -0.106**
  Parent employment status 0.014 0.028
General parenting Nurturance 0.001 0.030
  Structure -0.072a -0.067
  Behavioral control 0.018 -0.044
  Overprotection 0.083* 0.091*
  Coercive control -0.028 0.032
  1. Note: Results of multivariate linear regression analyses; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01; SES, Socio-Economic Status; Parent educational level, highest education attained, categorized into 1 = low level (10,8%; 8th grade or less, attended some high school, technical school graduate), 2 = medium level (30,3%; high school graduate or general educational development, some college), and 3 = high level (58,9%; college graduate, post graduate study); Parent employment status, paid job, categorized into 1 = unemployed (12,4%), and 2 = employed (87,6%); aThis construct approached statistical significance (p = 0.051).