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Table 1 Characteristics of sociodemographic, physical, service, social-interactional, and symbolic environments as possible correlates of recreational walking

From: The environmental correlates of overall and neighborhood based recreational walking (a cross-sectional analysis of the RECORD Study)

Neighborhood characteristic Data Measurement approach
Neighborhood sociodemographic environment  
  Neighborhood median income Exhaustive data from the Tax Registry of DGI in 2006 geocoded at the residential address by Insee Aggregation of population data within street network buffersa: median household income per consumption unit
  Neighborhood education Population Census of 2006 geocoded at the residential address by Insee Aggregation of population data within street network buffersa: proportion of residents with University education
  Neighborhood population density Population Census of 2006 geocoded at the residential address by Insee Aggregation of population data within street network buffersa: number of inhabitants per km2
Neighborhood physical environment   
  Proportion of the neighborhood covered with buildings 3-dimensional data from IGN on buildings’ ground shape and height in 2008 GIS processing: proportion of built surface within street network buffersa
  Surface of green spaces Linear and polygonal data from IAU-IdF on public parks and green spaces in 2008 GIS processing: proportion of surface covered with green spaces within street network buffersa
  Presence of a lake or waterway Polygonal data from IAU-IdF on land use in 2003 GIS processing: presence of water in street network buffersa
  Density of street intersections Data on the street network in 2008 from IGN GIS processing: count of intersections with at least 3 ways within street network buffersa
  Link node ratio Data on the street network in 2008 from IGN GIS processing: number of links divided by the number of nodes within street network buffersa
  Highway nearby the dwelling Data on the street network in 2008 from IGN GIS processing: presence of a highway within 250 m (straight-line distance)
  Road traffic-related pollution (nitrogen dioxide) Modeled data from AIRPARIF on annual concentrations of nitrogen dioxide in 2007-2008 GIS processing: average concentration within street network buffersa
  Air traffic exposure area Data on air traffic from ACNUSA in 2005 GIS processing: air traffic below 2000 m in the street network buffers
  Waste treatment facilities Geocoded waste treatment facilities in 2008 from IAU-IdF GIS processing: presence of a waste treatment facility in street network buffersa
  Presence and quality of green and open spaces 3 items from the RECORD questionnaire 3-level multilevel ordinal ecometric model (TRIRIS neighborhood)
  Deterioration of the physical environment 4 items from the RECORD questionnaire 3-level multilevel ordinal ecometric model (TRIRIS neighborhood)
Neighborhood service environment   
  Density of destinations Geocoded destinations from the 2008 Permanent Database of Facilities of Insee GIS processing: count of destinations (administrations, public/private shops, entertainment facilities, etc.) within street network buffersa
  Presence of monuments Geocoded monuments in 2005 from IAU-IdF GIS processing: count of monuments within street network buffersa
  Number of transportation lines Geocoded stops of buses, metros, and trains in 2008 from STIF GIS processing: count of different lines within street network buffersa
  Proportion of incoming and outgoing traffic by public transportation rather than car Outputs of a road traffic model from DRE-IdF GIS processing: proportion of traffic by public transportation in the residential area
  Presence of a shopping center Geocoded shopping centers in 2008 from IAU-IdF GIS processing: presence of a shopping center within street network buffersa
Neighborhood social interactions   
  School violence nearby the dwelling School violence in 2005-2006 from the Ministry of Education Multilevel modeling of violence behavior in schools and GIS processing: average violence in schools nearby home
  Neighborhood social cohesion 4 items from the RECORD questionnaire 3-level multilevel ordinal ecometric model (TRIRIS neighborhood)
  Neighborhood shared feeling of e insecurity 1 item from the RECORD questionnaire 2-level multilevel ordinal ecometric model (TRIRIS neighborhood)
  Neighborhood stressful social interactions 5 items from the RECORD questionnaire 3-level multilevel ordinal ecometric model (TRIRIS neighborhood)
  Neighborhood mistrust and hostility 5 items from the RECORD questionnaire 3-level multilevel ordinal ecometric model (TRIRIS neighborhood)
Neighborhood symbolic environment b   
  Stigmatized neighborhood identity 3 items from the RECORD questionnaire 3-level multilevel ordinal ecometric model (TRIRIS neighborhood)
  1. Legend: ACNUSA, Authority for the Control of Airport Nuisances; DGI, General Directorate of Taxation; DRE-IdF: Direction of Equipment and Infrastructures of Ile-de-France region; IAU-IdF, Institute of Urban Planning of the Ile-de-France region; IGN, National Geographic Institute; Insee, National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies; GIS, Geographic Information System; STIF, the Ile-de-France Transportation Authority.
  2. aVariables within street network buffers were determined with a radius of 1000 m.
  3. bThe symbolic environment refers to the territorial identities associated with each neighborhood.