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Table 2 School factors associated with grade 7-12 students’ sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (N = 10879) and food consumption index (N = 10735)

From: Associations between the school food environment, student consumption and body mass index of Canadian adolescents

  Sugar-sweetened beverage Food consumption index (n = 10496)
None versus one (n = 9518) None versus 2+ (n = 7247)
    OR [95% CI], p-value OR [95% CI], p-value b [95% CI], p-value
Constant - - 4.48 [3.59; 5.37], p < .001
Covariates
School postsecondary education 0.89 [0.81–0.96], p = .01 0.84 [0.71–0.99], p = .048 0.12 [0.01; 0.23], p = .04
School setting Urban (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Suburban 1.15 [0.91–1.41], p = .19 1.09 [0.76–1.54], p = .64 0.03 [-0.23; 0.29], p = .83
Rural 1.01 [0.85–1.21], p = .89 1.11 [0.80–1.52], p = .54 0.04 [-0.21; 0.28], p = .77
Age 0.98 [0.95–1.01], p = .17 1.01 [0.96–1.05], p = .77 0.02 [-0.02; 0.05], p = .33
Sex Male (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.49 [0.45–0.54], p < .001 0.28 [0.24–0.33], p < .001 0.51 [0.42; 0.60], p < .001
School environment  
Policy institutionalization – district guidelines 1.08 [0.90–1.28], p = .44 0.98 [0.70–1.35], p = .88 -0.09 [-0.31; 0.14], p = .44
Policy institutionalization – school nutrition practices 0.65 [0.48–0.88], p = .01 0.69 [0.41–1.15], p = .16 0.23 [-0.12; 0.58], p = .19
Capacity & resources Nutritional resources 1.01 [0.88–1.16], p = .90 0.99 [0.76–1.27], p = .91 -0.06 [-0.24; 0.12], p = .53
Program participation None (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00
1 program 0.96 [0.84–1.08], p = .48 0.96 [0.73–1.26], p = .77 0.01 [-0.18; 0.20], p = .93
2 programs 0.97 [0.76–1.23], p = .81 0.88 [0.75–1.26], p = .49 0.07 [-0.15; 0.29], p = .54
Internal and external support 0.91 [0.78–1.06], p = .25 1.08 [0.78–1.48], p = .65 -0.03 [-0.24; 0.19], p = .80
Sugar-sweetened beverages availability No (reference) 1.00 1.00 NA
Yes 1.15 [1.02–1.30], p = .02 1.43 [1.13–1.80], p = .003 NA
Food availability index   NA NA 0.02 [-0.02; 0.05], p = .41
  1. OR = Odds ratio; CI = Confidence Interval; b = non-standardized parameter estimate.