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Table 3 School factors and grade 7-12 students’ food/beverage consumption associated with Body Mass Index (normal versus overweight) (N = 8995)

From: Associations between the school food environment, student consumption and body mass index of Canadian adolescents

  Model 1 (n = 8834) Model 2 (n = 8361) Model 3 (n = 8209)
  OR [95% CI], p-value OR [95% CI], p-value OR [95% CI], p-value
Covariates
School postsecondary education 0.90 [0.79–1.02], p = .09 0.92 [0.80–1.04], p = .19 0.90 [0.79–1.03], p = .11
School setting Urban (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Suburban 1.41 [1.13–1.77], p = .003 1.45 [1.13–1.86], p = .003 1.37 [1.07–1.73], p = .01
Rural 1.41 [1.14–1.73], p = .002 1.44 [1.14–1.82], p = .003 1.41 [1.13–1.77], p = .003
Age 1.03 [0.99–1.07], p = .17 1.04 [0.99–1.07], p = .09 1.04 [1.00–1.08], p = .05
Sex Male (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.47 [0.41–0.53], p < .001 0.47 [0.41–0.53], p < .001 0.46 [0.41–0.53], p < .001
School environment
Policy institutionalization – district guidelines 0.92 [0.73–1.15], p = .45 - 0.92 [0.73–1.16], p = .49
Policy institutionalization – school nutrition practices 1.16 [0.79–1.67], p = .46 - 1.23 [0.84–1.80], p = .30
Capacity and resources Nutritional resources 0.85 [0.72–1.02], p = .08 - 0.85 [0.70–1.02], p = .08
Program participation None (reference) 1.00 - 1.00
1 program 1.03 [0.83–1.28], p = .78 - 1.02 [0.82–1.27], p = .87
2 programs 1.10 [0.83–1.46], p = .49 - 1.14 [0.84–1.54], p = .37
Internal and external support 0.90 [0.73–1.12], p = .35 - 0.88 [0.71–1.11], p = .28
Sugar-sweetened beverages availability No (reference) 1.00 - 1.00
Yes 1.16 [0.97–1.39], p = .10 - 1.13 [0.94–1.36], p = .20
Food availability index 1.00 [0.96–1.04], p = .99 - 1.00 [0.96–1.04], p = .86
Student consumption
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption None (reference) - 1.00 1.00
1 yesterday - 1.13 [0.98–1.31], p = .10 1.13 [0.97–1.31], p = .12
2+ yesterday - 1.12 [0.90–1.39], p = .32 1.13 [0.90–1.40], p = .29
Food consumption index - 1.03 [1.00–1.06], p = .02 1.03 [1.01–1.06], p = .02
  1. OR = Odds Ratio; CI = Confidence Interval.