Skip to main content

Table 4 School factors and grade 7-12 students’ beverage/food consumption associated with Body Mass Index (normal versus obese) (N = 8172)

From: Associations between the school food environment, student consumption and body mass index of Canadian adolescents

  Model 1 (n = 8018) Model 2 (n = 7604) Model 3 (n = 7458)
  OR [95% CI], p-value OR [95% CI], p-value OR [95% CI], p-value
Covariates
School postsecondary education 1.00 [0.83–1.20], p = .98 1.00 [0.81–1.23], p = .98 0.98 [0.80–1.20], p = .84
School setting Urban (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Suburban 1.53 [1.06–2.23], p = .02 1.67 [1.15–2.44], p = .01 1.52 [1.35–2.23], p = .04
Rural 1.94 [1.40–1.11], p < .001 2.01 [1.39–2.89], p < .001 1.89 [1.03–2.66], p < .001
Age 1.06 [0.99–1.14], p = .09 1.07 [1.00–1.14], p = .06 1.06 [0.99–1.14], p = .10
Sex Male (reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.47[0.38–0.59], p < .001 0.51[0.40–0.64], p < .001 0.51[0.40–0.64], p < .001
School environment
Policy institutionalization – district guidelines 0.87 [0.62–1.23], p = .44 - 0.85 [0.59–1.21], p = .36
Policy institutionalization – school nutrition practices 1.23 [0.66–2.29], p = .50 - 1.15 [0.59–2.23], p = .67
Capacity and resources Nutritional resources 1.03 [0.77–1.36], p = .85 - 0.97 [0.73–1.31], p = .89
Program participation None (reference) 1.00 - 1.00
1 program 1.22 [0.88–1.68], p = .23 - 1.20 [0.86–1.67], p = .27
2 programs 0.89 [0.52–1.52], p = .65 - 0.99 [0.57–1.72], p = .96
Internal and external support 0.78 [0.56–1.07], p = .13 - 0.74 [0.53–1.04], p = .08
Sugar-sweetened beverages availability No (reference) 1.00 - 1.00
Yes 1.58 [1.20–2.10], p = .001 - 1.50 [1.12–2.01], p = .01
Food availability index 1.03 [0.97–1.09], p = .32 - 1.03 [0.97–1.11], p = .29
Student consumption
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption None (reference) - 1.00 1.00
1 yesterday - 1.26 [0.98–1.62], p = .07 1.19 [0.92–1.54], p = .18
2+ yesterday - 1.69 [1.20–2.36], p = .003 1.66 [1.19–2.34], p = .003
Food consumption index - 1.04 [0.99–1.08], p = .15 1.03 [0.98–1.08], p = .27
  1. OR = Odds ratio; CI = Confidence Interval.