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Table 5 Associations of parenting practices subscale scores with physical activity variables (partial correlation coefficients)

From: Psychometrics of the preschooler physical activity parenting practices instrument among a Latino sample

Scale/item Sedentary Light PA Moderate PA Vigorous PA# MVPA Average CPM
Parental engagement (LA-PAPP- Encouragement) 0.03 -0.06 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.00
Not register your child for sports or dance due to lack of money (LA-PAPP- Encouragement; reverse scored) -0.15α 0.21* 0.18* 0.08 0.09 0.11
Have outdoor toys available for child (LA-PAPP- Encouragement) -0.09 0.05 0.13 0.16 α 0.13 0.15 α
Safety concerns (LA-PAPP- Discouragement) 0.03 -0.04 0.00 -0.05 -0.03 -0.06
Promote inactivity (LA-PAPP- Discouragement) 0.15α -0.18α -0.14 -0.08 -0.09 -0.12
Promote screen time (LA-PAPP- Discouragement) 0.23** -0.28** -0.23* -0.15 -0.20α -0.20α
Psychological control (LA-PAPP- Discouragement) -0.15α 0.15 0.21* 0.05 0.13 0.13
  1. Legend: PA = physical activity; MVPA = moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; CPM = counts per minute # = positively skewed variable log-transformed before estimating the associations.
  2. All associations adjusted for wear-time, child’s gender and child’s age.
  3. α p < .10; * p < .05; ** p < .01.