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Table 2 Trends in leisure-time physical activity in deprived target districts versus the rest of the Netherlands

From: The impact of area-based initiatives on physical activity trends in deprived areas; a quasi-experimental evaluation of the Dutch District Approach

  Trend in walking/cycling/sportsa(regression coefficient β (95% confidence interval))
Modelb Period Pre intervention Intervention Intervention versus pre intervention
  District type    
Leisure-time walking    
M0 Deprived target districts −0.04 (−0.08 – 0.00) 0.11 (0.04 – 0.18)* 0.15 (0.04 – 0.25)*
  Rest of the Netherlands −0.00 (−0.01 – 0.00) 0.02 (0.01 – 0.04)* 0.03 (0.01 – 0.04)*
  Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands 0.12 (0.02 – 0.22)*
M1 Deprived target districts −0.04 (−0.08 – 0.01) 0.11 (0.04 – 0.19)* 0.15 (0.04 – 0.30)*
  Rest of the Netherlands −0.00 (−0.01 – 0.00) 0.02 (0.01 – 0.03)* 0.03 (0.01 – 0.04)*
  Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands 0.12 (0.02 – 0.23)*
M2 Deprived target districts −0.04 (−0.08 – 0.00) 0.11 (0.03 – 0.18)* 0.14 (0.04 – 0.25)*
Rest of the Netherlands −0.00 (−0.01 – 0.00) 0.02 (0.01 – 0.03)* 0.02 (0.00 – 0.04)*
Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands 0.12 (0.02 – 0.23)*
Leisure-time cycling    
M0 Deprived target districts 0.04 (0.00 – 0.08)* 0.00 (−0.07 – 0.07) −0.04 (−0.14 – 0.06)
  Rest of the Netherlands 0.00 (−0.00 – 0.01) 0.03 (0.02 – 0.04)* 0.02 (0.01 – 0.04)*
  Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.06 (−0.16 – 0.04)
M1 Deprived target districts 0.05 (0.00 – 0.09)* 0.00 (−0.07 – 0.07) −0.04 (−0.14 – 0.06)
  Rest of the Netherlands 0.01 (−0.00 – 0.01) 0.03 (0.02 – 0.04)* 0.03 (0.01 – 0.04)*
  Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.07 (−0.17 – 0.03)
M2 Deprived target districts 0.05 (0.01 – 0.09)* −0.00 (−0.07 – 0.07) −0.05 (−0.15 – 0.05)
Rest of the Netherlands 0.01 (−0.00 – 0.01) 0.03 (0.01 – 0.04)* 0.02 (0.00 – 0.04)*
Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.07 (−0.17 – 0.03)
Sports    
M0 Deprived target districts 0.02 (−0.02 – 0.06) −0.01 (−0.08 – 0.06) −0.03 (−0.13 – 0.07)
  Rest of the Netherlands 0.00 (−0.00 – 0.01) 0.00 (−0.01 – 0.02) 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.02)
  Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.03 (−0.13 – 0.07)
M1 Deprived target districts 0.02 (−0.02 – 0.06) −0.02 (−0.09 – 0.05) −0.04 (−0.14 – 0.07)
  Rest of the Netherlands 0.01 (0.00 – 0.02)* 0.01 (0.00 – 0.02)* 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.02)
  Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.04 (−0.14 – 0.07)
M2 Deprived target districts 0.02 (−0.02 – 0.06) −0.04 (−0.12 – 0.03) −0.06 (−0.17 – 0.04)
Rest of the Netherlands 0.00 (−0.00 – 0.01) −0.01 (−0.02 – 0.00) −0.01 (−0.03 – 0.01)
Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.05 (−0.16 – 0.06)
  1. *P ≤ 0.05.
  2. aTrend represents the half yearly change in ln (odds).
  3. bM0: unadjusted. M1: adjusted for age, gender, household composition, ethnicity. M2: additional adjustment for education, income.
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