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Table 3 Trends in leisure-time physical activity in deprived target districts versus various control groups

From: The impact of area-based initiatives on physical activity trends in deprived areas; a quasi-experimental evaluation of the Dutch District Approach

  Trend in walking/cycling/sportsa(regression coefficient β (95% confidence interval))
Period Pre intervention Intervention Intervention versus pre intervention
District type    
Leisure-time walking    
Deprived target districts −0.04 (−0.08 – 0.00) 0.11 (0.03 – 0.18)* 0.14 (0.04 – 0.25)*
Rest of the Netherlands −0.00 (−0.01 – 0.00) 0.02 (0.01 – 0.03)* 0.02 (0.00 – 0.04)*
Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands   0.12 (0.02 – 0.23)*
Other deprived districts −0.01 (−0.04 – 0.01) 0.02 (−0.02 – 0.06) 0.04 (−0.02 – 0.10)
Deprived target districts versus other deprived districts 0.11 (−0.01 – 0.23)
Other deprived districts, same city −0.02 (−0.05 – 0.01) 0.04 (−0.01 – 0.10) 0.06 (−0.02 – 0.14)
Deprived target districts versus other deprived districts, same city 0.09 (−0.04 – 0.22)
Leisure-time cycling    
Deprived target districts 0.05 (0.01 – 0.09)* −0.00 (−0.07 – 0.07) −0.05 (−0.15 – 0.05)
Rest of the Netherlands 0.01 (−0.00 – 0.01) 0.03 (0.01 – 0.04)* 0.02 (0.00 – 0.04)*
Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands   −0.07 (−0.17 – 0.03)
Other deprived districts 0.01 (−0.02 – 0.03) 0.05 (0.01 – 0.09)* 0.04 (−0.02 – 0.10)
Deprived target districts versus other deprived districts −0.10 (−0.22 – 0.02)
Other deprived districts, same city 0.01 (−0.02 – 0.05) 0.03 (−0.02 – 0.08) 0.02 (−0.06 – 0.09)
Deprived target districts versus other deprived districts, same city −0.08 (−0.21 – 0.04)
Sports    
Deprived target districts 0.02 (−0.02 – 0.06) −0.04 (−0.12 – 0.03) −0.06 (−0.17 – 0.04)
Rest of the Netherlands 0.00 (−0.00 – 0.01) −0.01 (−0.02 – 0.00) −0.01 (−0.03 – 0.01)
Deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands   −0.05 (−0.16 – 0.06)
Other deprived districts 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.03) 0.01 (−0.04 – 0.05) 0.00 (−0.06 – 0.07)
Deprived target districts versus other deprived districts −0.05 (−0.18 – 0.07)
Other deprived districts, same city −0.01 (−0.04 – 0.03) −0.01 (−0.07 – 0.04) −0.00 (−0.09 – 0.08)
Deprived target districts versus other deprived districts, same city −0.05 (−0.18 – 0.08)
  1. *P ≤ 0.05.
  2. aTrend represents the half yearly change in ln (odds), adjusted for age, gender, household composition, ethnicity, education, and income.
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