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Table 4 Trends in leisure-time physical activity in deprived target districts with less and more intensive environmental interventions

From: The impact of area-based initiatives on physical activity trends in deprived areas; a quasi-experimental evaluation of the Dutch District Approach

  Trend in walking/cycling/sportsa(regression coefficient β (95% confidence interval))
Period Pre intervention Intervention Intervention versus pre intervention
District type    
Leisure-time walking  
Rest of the Netherlands −0.00 (−0.01 – 0.00) 0.02 (0.01 – 0.03)* 0.02 (0.00 – 0.04)*
Low-intensity deprived target districts −0.07 (−0.15 – 0.01) 0.13 (−0.00 – 0.27) 0.20 (0.01 – 0.40)*
Low-intensity deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands 0.18 (−0.01 – 0.38)
High-intensity deprived target districts −0.02 (−0.07 – 0.04) 0.08 (−0.01 – 0.18) 0.10 (−0.04 – 0.24)
High-intensity deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands 0.08 (−0.06 – 0.22)
Leisure-time cycling  
Rest of the Netherlands 0.01 (−0.00 – 0.01) 0.03 (0.01 – 0.04)* 0.02 (0.00 – 0.04)*
Low-intensity deprived target districts 0.04 (−0.04 – 0.11) −0.03 (−0.16 – 0.11) −0.06 (−0.25 – 0.13)
Low-intensity deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.08 (−0.27 – 0.11)
High-intensity deprived target districts 0.06 (−0.00 – 0.11) 0.01 (−0.08 – 0.10) −0.05 (−0.18 – 0.08)
High-intensity deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.07 (−0.20 – 0.06)
Sports  
Rest of the Netherlands 0.01 (−0.00 – 0.01) −0.01 (−0.02 – 0.00) −0.01 (−0.03 – 0.01)
Low-intensity deprived target districts −0.00 (−0.09 – 0.08) −0.02 (−0.15 – 0.12) −0.01 (−0.21 – 0.19)
Low-intensity deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.00 (−0.20 – 0.20)
High-intensity deprived target districts 0.04 (−0.02 – 0.10) −0.08 (−0.17 – 0.02) −0.12 (−0.26 – 0.02)
High-intensity deprived target districts versus rest of the Netherlands −0.11 (−0.25 – 0.03)
  1. *P ≤ 0.05.
  2. aTrend represents the half yearly change in ln (odds), adjusted for age, gender, household composition, ethnicity, education, and income.
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