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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics, physical activity levels and body mass index of participants

From: Perception of built environmental factors and physical activity among adolescents in Nigeria

  Total sample (N = 1006) Female (n = 507) Male (n = 499) p-value
Descriptive characteristics     
Age (years) Mean (±SD) 15.6 ± 1.7 15.1 ± 1.5 16.1 ± 1.8 <0.001*
Tribe/ethnicity (n, %)     0.200
 Igbo 91 (9.0) 54 (10.7) 37 (7.4)  
 Hausa/Fulani 131 (13.0) 58 (11.4) 73 (14.6)  
 Yoruba 54 (5.4) 30 (5.9) 24 (4.8)  
 Kanuri 250 (25.0) 121 (23.9) 130 (26.1)  
 Others 479 (47.6) 244 (48.1) 235 (47.1)  
Grade (n, %)     <0.001*
 JSS two 255 (25.3) 126 (24.9) 129 (25.9)  
 JSS three 302 (30.0) 201 (39.6) 101 (20.2)  
 SSS one 133 (13.3) 80 (15.8) 54 (10.8)  
 SSS two 191 (19.0) 54 (10.7) 137 (27.5)  
 SSS three 124 (12.3) 46 (9.1) 78 (15.6)  
Parents’ SES (n, %)     0.065
 Low SES 419 (41.7) 193 (38.1) 226 (45.3)  
 Middle SES 311 (31.1) 166 (32.7) 147 (29.5)  
 High SES 274 (27.4) 148 (29.2) 126 (25.3)  
Neighborhood SES (n, %)     0.036*
 Low SES 703 (69.9) 339 (66.9) 364 (72.9)  
 High SES 303 (30.1) 168 (33.1) 135 (27.1)  
Physical activity and body mass index     
Active transport     
to school (min/wk), 61.9 ± 110.4 51.4 ± 84.8 72.5 ± 130.6 0.002*
Mean (±SD)     
Leisure MVPA (min/wk), 280.0 ± 350.3 153.9 ± 258.8 408.2 ± 383.3 <0.001*
Mean (±SD)     
  1. Values based on independent t-tests statistics for continuous variables and chi-Square Statistics for categorical variables; *Significant difference between samples (p < 0.05).
  2. JSS- Junior Secondary School; SSS- Senior Secondary School; BMI- Body Mass Index;
  3. SES- Socioeconomic status; MVPA- Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.