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Table 4 Nutrients content (mean +/- standard deviation) of individual daily food baskets at baseline and under price manipulations for low-income group (n=95)

From: Food price policies improve diet quality while increasing socioeconomic inequalities in nutrition

  Baseline Fruit and vegetable condition (FV) Nutrient profile condition (NP) FV/Baseline NP/Baseline
(1) (1)
Proteins (g/d) 66.90 +/- 31.5 64.82 +/- 19.5 59.91 +/- 20.7 0.4496 0.0016
Fat (g/d) 62.60 +/- 41.7 56.49 +/- 24.5 55.81 +/- 24.2 0.588 0.206
Cholesterol (mg/d) 307.51 +/- 151.8 268.93 +/- 84.3 301.62 +/- 118.4 0.0131 0.7485
PUFA* (g/d) 9.11 +/- 5.9 7.93 +/- 3.2 7.67 +/- 2.8 0.1866 0.0151
MUFA* (g/d) 23.47 +/- 16.2 20.94 +/- 8.9 20.26 +/- 8.8 0.6241 0.0763
SFA* (g/d) 25.56 +/- 16.8 23.56 +/- 10.7 23.73 +/- 10.5 0.7767 0.6401
Carbohydrates (g/d) 181.36 +/- 112.3 176.11 +/- 69.3 164.61 +/- 67.6 0.2339 0.2578
Added sugars (g/d) 46.48 +/- 44.3 41.64 +/- 21.0 38.37 +/- 20.3 0.5285 0.2694
Fibers (g/d) 14.83 +/- 5.8 15.57 +/- 4.8 15.38 +/- 5.3 0.0016 0.0376
Ca (mg/d) 674.40 +/- 254.7 712.58 +/- 168.9 677.76 +/- 167.4 <0001 0.1135
Fe (mg/d) 8.50 +/- 4.6 8.64 +/- 2.8 8.62 +/- 3.1 0.0149 0.0797
Mg (mg/d) 221.15 +/- 83.0 223.22 +/- 57.3 218.77 +/- 60.8 0.0377 0.4986
K (mg/d) 2198.43 +/- 709.2 2312.69 +/- 530.6 2227.03 +/- 608.2 <0001 0.1306
Na (mg/d) 2939.60 +/- 1138.4 2700.27 +/- 849.6 2945.52 +/- 764.5 0.0312 0.1563
Vitamin A (mg/d) 983.69 +/- 229.2 1151.17 +/- 331.1 1262.73 +/- 343.6 <0001 <0001
Thiamin (mg/d) 0.86 +/- 0.4 0.94 +/- 0.3 0.86 +/- 0.3 <0001 0.2594
Riboflavin (md/d) 1.22 +/- 0.5 1.26 +/- 0.3 1.23 +/- 0.4 0.0022 0.191
Niacin (mg/d) 12.30 +/- 5.4 12.21 +/- 3.6 11.44 +/- 4.1 0.1355 0.1099
Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 1.20 +/- 0.4 1.30 +/- 0.3 1.30 +/- 0.4 <0001 <0001
Folates (mg/d) 225.50 +/- 76.4 259.52 +/- 50.0 264.95 +/- 63.1 <0001 <0001
Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 3.93 +/- 1.1 3.56 +/- 0.8 3.85 +/- 0.8 <0001 0.7691
Vitamin C (mg/d) 82.02 +/- 17.4 114.32 +/- 30.8 112.56 +/- 35.8 <0001 <0001
Vitamin D (μg/d) 1.36 +/- 0.8 1.35 +/- 0.5 1.31 +/- 0.7 0.1853 0.9139
Vitamin E (mg/d) 7.67 +/- 2.9 7.04 +/- 1.9 7.16 +/- 1.8 0.0448 0.0982
  1. values are energy adjusted.
  2. (1) p-value against null hypothesis difference from baseline (Wicoxon test).
  3. *PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids, MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids, SFA: saturated fatty acids.