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Table 5 Nutrients content (mean +/- standard deviation) of individual daily food baskets at baseline and under price manipulations for medium-income group (n=33)

From: Food price policies improve diet quality while increasing socioeconomic inequalities in nutrition

  Baseline Fruit and vegetable condition (FV) Nutrient profile condition (NP) FV/Baseline NP/Baseline
(1) (1)
Proteins (g/d) 73.81 +/- 21.3 72.26 +/- 23.7 72.52 +/- 20.0 0.4999 0.3944
Fat (g/d) 54.88 +/- 28.3 52.06 +/- 29.7 46.74 +/- 23.3 0.4247 0.0005
Cholesterol (mg/d) 340.32 +/- 102.9 290.31 +/- 102.4 284.85 +/- 114.2 <0001 <0001
PUFA* (g/d) 7.85 +/- 4.0 7.47 +/- 3.9 6.61 +/- 2.7 0.6557 0.0005
MUFA* (g/d) 20.70 +/- 11.0 18.58 +/- 10.8 17.10 +/- 8.5 0.0509 0.0002
SFA* (g/d) 22.26 +/- 11.4 22.19 +/- 12.9 19.45 +/- 10.1 0.8682 0.001
Carbohydrates (g/d) 166.99 +/- 76.1 163.23 +/- 84.1 163.40 +/- 65.2 0.7598 0.6557
Added sugars (g/d) 37.23 +/- 30.0 32.81 +/- 25.5 35.98 +/- 19.6 0.2785 0.7866
Fibers (g/d) 15.44 +/- 4.0 17.94 +/- 5.9 17.67 +/- 5.1 0.032 <0001
Ca (mg/d) 727.83 +/- 172.6 750.68 +/- 204.9 745.03 +/- 161.5 0.1532 0.1696
Fe (mg/d) 9.18 +/- 3.1 9.10 +/- 3.4 8.91 +/- 3.0 <0001 0.1997
Mg (mg/d) 236.54 +/- 56.2 271.13 +/- 69.5 269.89 +/- 58.7 0.1151 <0001
K (mg/d) 2448.22 +/- 480.5 2699.63 +/- 643.9 2661.15 +/- 586.8 <0001 <0001
Na (mg/d) 2929.25 +/- 771.3 2895.61 +/- 1031.0 2706.49 +/- 737.6 0.0607 0.0002
Vitamin A (mg/d) 772.99 +/- 155.3 1216.07 +/- 401.8 1115.96 +/- 331.5 <0001 <0001
Thiamin (mg/d) 1.01 +/- 0.3 1.07 +/- 0.4 0.94 +/- 0.3 0.2478 0.0031
Riboflavin (md/d) 1.47 +/- 0.4 1.46 +/- 0.4 1.45 +/- 0.4 0.882 0.4999
Niacin (mg/d) 14.40 +/- 3.7 14.47 +/- 4.4 14.35 +/- 3.9 0.7465 0.6812
Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 1.40 +/- 0.3 1.58 +/- 0.4 1.55 +/- 0.4 <0001 <0001
Folates (mg/d) 246.22 +/- 51.8 296.66 +/- 60.7 283.38 +/- 60.9 <0001 <0001
Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 4.62 +/- 0.7 4.28 +/- 1.0 5.19 +/- 0.8 0.0005 <0001
Vitamin C (mg/d) 82.29 +/- 11.8 124.15 +/- 37.4 119.49 +/- 34.6 <0001 <0001
Vitamin D (μg/d) 1.96 +/- 0.5 1.02 +/- 0.7 1.28 +/- 0.6 <0001 <0001
Vitamin E (mg/d) 7.20 +/- 2.0 7.57 +/- 2.3 7.23 +/- 1.8 0.0249 0.6941
  1. values are energy adjusted.
  2. (1) p-value against null hypothesis difference from baseline (Wicoxon test).
  3. *PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acids, MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acids, SFA: saturated fatty acids.