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Table 2 Age-adjusted a univariable GEE analyses presenting associations of biological, socio-demographic, work-related and lifestyle factors with sitting

From: Biological, socio-demographic, work and lifestyle determinants of sitting in young adult women: a prospective cohort study

  Week-day sitting (hours/day) Weekend-day sitting (hours/day)
Explanatory variable (Reference) B (95% CI) B (95% CI)
Biological factor     
BMIb 0.12*** (0.08; 0.16) 0.25*** (0.22; 0.29)
Socio-demographic factors     
Country of birth (Australian born)     
Other English speaking country 0.08 (−0.18; 0.34) −0.05 (−0.25; 0.16)
Europe 0.80** (0.29; 1.30) −0.07 (−0.51; 0.36)
Asia 1.39*** (1.02; 1.76) 0.94*** (0.61; 1.27)
Other 0.18 (−0.37; 0.72) 0.03 (−0.43; 0.49)
Area of residence (Urban)     
Rural −0.93*** (−1.01; −0.85) −0.10** (−0.17; −0.03)
Remote −0.98*** (−1.17; −0.78) −0.01 (−0.18; 0.16)
Educational qualification (University degree/higher degree)     
Less than 12 years of school −1.23*** (−1.38; −1.09) 0.18** (0.05; 0.31)
Completed 12 years of school −0.55*** (−0.67; −0.43) 0.15** (0.05; 0.25)
Post school/technical school −0.51*** (−0.62; −0.40) 0.16*** (0.07; 0.25)
Marital status (Single)     
De facto −0.09 (−0.19; 0.01) −0.24*** (−0.33; −0.15)
Married −0.81*** (−0.91; −0.72) −0.54*** (−0.62; −0.46)
Separated/divorced/widowed −0.51*** (−0.70; −0.32) −0.28** (−0.46; −0.09)
Number of children (None)     
1 −1.44*** (−1.53; −1.35) −0.35*** (−0.44; −0.27)
2 −2.17*** (−2.27; −2.07) −0.84*** (−0.93; −0.76)
≥3 −2.62*** (−2.76; −2.48) −0.99*** (−1.11; −0.87)
Work-related factors     
Occupational status (Professional)     
No paid job −1.50*** (−1.60; −1.40) −0.16*** (−0.25; −0.08)
Blue collar −1.69*** (−1.83; −1.54) 0.05 (−0.09; 0.18)
White collar −0.05 (−0.15; 0.04) 0.08 (0.00; 0.16)
Hours worked per week (35–40)     
None −1.55*** (−1.66; −1.45) −0.18*** (−0.27; −0.09)
1-15 −1.42*** (−1.53; −1.30) −0.31*** (−0.41; −0.21)
16-24 −1.20*** (−1.32; −1.08) −0.32*** (−0.43; −0.22)
25-34 −0.95*** (−1.07; −0.83) −0.21*** (−0.32; −0.10)
41-48 0.17** (0.08; 0.27) −0.02 (−0.11; 0.07)
≥49 0.08 (−0.05; 0.20) −0.03 (−0.14; 0.08)
Lifestyle factors     
Being active −0.07 (−0.13; 0.00) −0.19*** (−0.25; −0.13)
Smoking status (Non smoker)     
Ex-smoker −0.23*** (−0.34; −0.13) 0.00 (−0.08; 0.09)
Current smoker −0.15** (−0.26; −0.05) 0.20*** (0.11; 0.29)
Alcohol consumption (Low risk drinker)     
Non drinker −0.54*** (−0.67; −0.41) 0.17** (0.05; 0.28)
Rare drinker −0.34*** (−0.42; −0.26) 0.17*** (0.10; 0.24)
Risky/high risk drinker 0.20* (0.00; 0.39) 0.39*** (0.21; 0.56)
Being somewhat stressed 0.30*** (0.23; 0.37) 0.25*** (0.19; 0.31)
  1. BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; aWomen’s age at each survey (not only baseline age) was included in the model; bValues for BMI signify 5 steps (i.e. 5 BMI-points) on the determinant scale; *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.