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Table 3 Adjusted a multivariable GEE analyses presenting associations of biological, socio-demographic, work-related and lifestyle factors with sitting

From: Biological, socio-demographic, work and lifestyle determinants of sitting in young adult women: a prospective cohort study

  Weekend-day sitting (hours/day) Weekend-day sitting (hours/day)
Explanatory variable (Reference) B (95% CI) B (95% CI)
Biological factor     
BMIb 0.19*** (0.15; 0.23) 0.24*** (0.21; 0.28)
Socio-demographic factors     
Country of birth (Australian born)     
Other English speaking country −0.03 (−0.28; 0.21) −0.05 (−0.26; 0.17)
Europe 0.33 (−0.15; 0.81) −0.07 (−0.54; 0.40)
Asia 0.98*** (0.61; 1.34) 0.97*** (0.62; 1.31)
Other 0.20 (−0.30; 0.70) 0.07 (−0.39; 0.54)
Area of residence (Urban)     
Rural −0.55*** (−0.64; −0.47)   
Remote −0.61*** (−0.81; −0.41)   
Educational qualification (University degree/higher degree)     
Less than 12 years of school −0.13 (−0.30; 0.04) 0.42*** (0.26; 0.58)
Completed 12 years of school 0.10 (−0.03; 0.23) 0.26*** (0.15; 0.38)
Post school/technical school −0.01 (−.013; 0.11) 0.18*** (0.08; 0.28)
Marital status (Single)     
De facto 0.07 (−0.04; 0.17) −0.19*** (−0.29; −0.09)
Married −0.14** (−0.25; −0.03) −0.32*** (−0.41; −0.22)
Separated/divorced/widowed 0.08 (−0.12; 0.28) −0.12 (−0.32; 0.08)
Number of children (None)     
1 −0.91*** (−1.02; −0.79) −0.48*** (−0.59; −0.38)
2 −1.49*** (−1.62; −1.37) −0.96*** (−1.08; −0.85)
≥3 −1.91*** (−2.07; −1.74) −1.21*** (−1.36; −1.07)
Work-related factors     
Occupational status (Professional)     
No paid job −0.43*** (−0.57; −0.29) −0.15* (−0.28; −0.02)
Blue collar −1.30*** (−1.48; −1.13) −0.06 (−0.21; 0.10)
White collar 0.25*** (0.15; 0.36) −0.01 (−0.10; 0.08)
Hours worked per week (35–40)     
None −0.64*** (−0.79; −0.49) 0.27*** (0.13; 0.40)
1-15 −0.77*** (−0.90; −0.63) 0.01 (−0.11; 0.13)
16-24 −0.69*** (−0.82; −0.55) −0.07 (−0.19; 0.05)
25-34 −0.71*** (−0.85; −0.58) −0.06 (−0.18; 0.06)
41-48 0.13* (0.03; 0.24) −0.06 (−0.15; 0.03)
≥49 0.10 (−0.03; 0.24) −0.08 (−0.19; 0.04)
Lifestyle factors     
Being active −0.28*** (−0.35; −0.21) −0.23*** (−0.29; −0.17)
Smoking status (Non smoker)     
Ex-smoker    −0.01 (−0.10; 0.08)
Current smoker    0.13* (0.03; 0.23)
Alcohol consumption (Low risk drinker)     
Non drinker    0.18** (0.05; 0.30)
Rare drinker    0.15*** (0.08; 0.23)
Risky/high risk drinker    0.25** (0.07; 0.44)
Being somewhat stressed 0.32*** (0.24; 0.39) 0.22*** (0.15; 0.28)
  1. BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; aWomen’s age at each survey (not only baseline age) was included in the model; bValues for BMI signify 5 steps (i.e. 5 BMI-points) on the determinant scale; cEducational qualification was retained in the model for week-day sitting with reference category ‘Completed 12 years of education’ with a significant outcome for ‘Less than 12 years of school’; -.0.24 (−0.40;-0.07); p < .01; *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < 001.