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Table 2 Mean scores for self-reported neighborhood walkability and reasons for moving to the current neighborhood between high walkable (HW), medium walkable (MW), and low walkable (LW) neighborhood types

From: The associations between objectively-determined and self-reported urban form characteristics and neighborhood-based walking in adults

  Neighborhood type
  HW (n = 134) MW (n = 676) LW (n = 1065)
mean ± SD (median) mean ± SD (median) mean ± SD (median)
Self-reported neighborhood walkability (1.0-4.0 scale)    
Access to servicesa,c 3.47 ± 0.63 (3.67) 3.35 ± 0.68 (3.67) 3.09 ± 0.73 (3.21)
Physical barriersa 3.51 ± 0.63 (4.00) 3.49 ± 0.63 (3.50) 3.40 ± 0.65 (3.50)
Street connectivitya,b,c 3.21 ± 0.68 (3.33) 3.07 ± 0.62 (3.00) 2.67 ± 0.62 (2.67)
Pedestrian infrastructurea,c 3.09 ± 0.47 (3.00) 3.08 ± 0.46 (3.00) 2.93 ± 0.54 (3.00)
Neighborhood aestheticsa,b 2.91 ± 0.66 (3.00) 3.11 ± 0.62 (3.25) 3.00 ± 0.64 (3.00)
Motor vehicle traffic safetyb,c 2.55 ± 0.61 (2.67) 2.79 ± 0.60 (3.00) 2.81 ± 0.62 (3.00)
Safety from crimea,b,c 2.79 ± 0.72 (2.75) 3.24 ± 0.58 (3.25) 3.39 ± 0.51 (3.50)
Self-reported neighborhood destinations (count of types)    
Utilitarian destination mixa,b,c 10.78 ± 4.96 (12.00) 9.48 ± 4.47 (10.00) 6.97 ± 4.82 (6.00)
Recreation destination mixa,c 4.61 ± 2.00 (4.50) 4.60 ± 1.83 (5.00) 3.84 ± 1.66 (4.00)
Reasons for neighborhood choice (1.0-3.0 scale)    
Access to places that support physical activitya 2.00 ± 0.48 (2.00) 1.99 ± 0.49 (2.00) 2.07 ± 0.51 (2.00)
Access to servicesa,c 2.33 ± 0.54 (2.50) 2.25 ± 0.50 (2.25) 2.06 ± 0.50 (2.00)
Sense of communitya,b,c 2.10 ± 0.53 (2.25) 2.32 ± 0.48 (2.50) 2.39 ± 0.48 (2.50)
Ease of drivinga,b,c 1.69 ± 0.63 (1.50) 2.04 ± 0.58 (2.00) 2.11 ± 0.56 (2.00)
  1. a = LW significantly differs from MW (p < .05) based on One Way ANOVA (with Bonferroni-adjusted pairwise comparison).
  2. b = MW significantly differs from HW (p < .05) based on One Way ANOVA (with Bonferroni-adjusted pairwise comparison).
  3. c = LW significantly differs from HW (p < .05) based on One Way ANOVA (with Bonferroni-adjusted pairwise comparison).