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Table 3 Descriptive statistics, measures of internal consistency and goodness-of-fit indices for the 9 newly formed feeding practices scales – n = 462 Australian first-time mothers of 24-month-olds

From: The feeding practices and structure questionnaire: construction and initial validation in a sample of Australian first-time mothers and their 2-year olds

Factor No. of items Unweighted composite scores Weighted composite scores Reliability Goodness-of-fit indices
Observed range Mean (SD) Observed range Mean (SD) Coefficient H Cronbach’s α χ2/df RMSEA CFI TLI
Distrust in appetite 4 1.00-4.25 2.33 (0.73) 1.00-4.44 2.42 (0.75) 0.72 0.63 4.26 .08 .98 .93
Reward for behaviour 6 1.00-4.33 1.70 (0.69) 1.00-4.43 1.66 (0.68) 0.89 0.86 3.26 .07 .99 .97
Reward for eating 6 1.00-4.83 1.67 (0.70) 1.01-4.85 1.70 (0.74) 0.91 0.89 3.29* .07 .99 .98
Persuasive feeding 6 1.00-4.50 2.52 (0.67) 1.00-4.29 2.38 (0.68) 0.76 0.73 2.02* .05 .98 .97
Covert restriction 4 1.00-5.00 3.19 (0.86) 1.00-5.00 3.26 (0.91) 0.84 0.80 2.79* .06 .99 .98
Overt restriction 4 1.00-5.00 3.38 (0.90) 1.00-5.00 3.43 (0.90) 0.62 0.61 1.57* .04 .99 .98
Structured meal setting 4 1.75-5.00 4.08 (0.67) 1.63-5.00 4.05 (0.68) 0.80 0.79 2.48 .06 .97 .96
Structured meal timing 3 2.00-5.00 3.86 (0.60) 1.94-5.00 3.90 (0.60) 0.70 0.68
Family meal setting 3 1.00-5.00 3.93 (1.09) 1.00-4.95 3.88 (1.17) 0.96 0.87
  1. Note: The possible range is 1 to 5 for each factor.
  2. Goodness-of-fit for the ‘Structured Meal Setting’, ‘Structured Meal Timing’ and ‘Family Meal Setting’ factors was assessed simultaneously because of the low number of items for 2/3 of these congeneric models.
  3. *The congeneric model was non-significant (i.e., p > 0.05), based on the Bollen-Stine bootstrapped chi-square.