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Table 3 Daily minutes of MVPA in domains and subdomains by gender and age

From: Using accelerometers and global positioning system devices to assess gender and age differences in children’s school, transport, leisure and home based physical activity

  Girls   Boys   Adjusted differencea  
  Minutes   Minutes   Reference = girl  
  Median IQR Median IQR Minutes p-value
Total MVPA 54.9 (41.5-73.7) 75.2 (52.8-97.3) 19.69 <0.001
Leisure time 11.7 (7.7-20.2) 21.8 (11.8-38.3) 10.72 <0.001
 School grounds 2.2 (1.3-4.3) 2.8 (1.5-7.3) 2.31 0.002
 Clubs 0.0 (0.0-0.4) 0.2 (0.0-1.3) 2.36 0.003
 Sports facilities 0.0 (0.0-0.5) 0.2 (0.0-4.8) 2.94 <0.001
 Playgrounds 0.0 (0.0-0.3) 0.0 (0.0-0.5) 0.69 0.011
 Urban green space 1.5 (0.3-3.6) 1.9 (0.5-4.4) 0.42 0.037
 Shopping center 0.0 (0.0-0.0) 0.0 (0.0-0.0) 0.07 0.55
 Other places 4.1 (2.2-7.8) 5.0 (2.6-11.3) 1.94 0.004
School 18.8 (13.0-25.8) 24.9 (15.9-35.6) 6.00 <0.001
 Recess 6.0 (3.7-8.8) 8.3 (5.9-12.3) 2.99 <0.001
 PE 14.4 (8.0-23.5) 19.5 (9.8-34.8) 5.74 0.002
Transport 12.3 (5.7-19.6) 12.7 (7.0-19.5) 1.74 0.036
 Active 9.6 (4.5-16.2) 10.3 (5.6-15.6) 1.57 0.031
 Passive 0.2 (0.0-3.5) 0.3 (0.0-4.1) 0.17 0.57
Home 6.5 (3.0-12.8) 4.8 (2.3-10.3) 0.96 0.88
  Children   Adolescent   Adjusted difference b  
  Minutes   Minutes   Reference = child  
  Median IQR Median IQR Minutes p-value
Total MVPA 67.5 (50.4-90.4) 54.0 (37.7-77.1) −8.33 0.004
Leisure time 18.0 (10.0-31.9) 12.4 (7.4-24.2) −1.50 0.047
 School grounds 3.3 (1.8-7.2) 1.8 (1.0-3.1) −0.88 0.001
 Clubs 0.0 (0.0-0.9) 0.1 (0.0-0.5) −0.24 0.034
 Sports facilities 0.0 (0.0-1.3) 0.1 (0.0-1.3) −0.88 0.69
 Playgrounds 0.0 (0.0-0.5) 0.0 (0.0-0.3) −0.02 0.48
 Urban green space 1.6 (0.3-3.6) 1.8 (0.4-4.3) 0.49 0.16
 Shopping center 0.0 (0.0-0.0) 0.0 (0.0-0.0) 0.04 0.23
 Other places 4.7 (2.3-10.0) 4.4 (2.4-8.8) −0.01 0.56
School 23.9 (17.1-34.9) 17.5 (12.1-25.5) −5.88 <0.001
 Recess 7.8 (5.3-11.7) 5.7 (3.3-8.3) −2.40 <0.001
 PE 14.0 (7.8-29.3) 18.0 (10.6-25.3) −1.99 0.68
Transport 12.1 (6.0-18.4) 13.4 (6.3-21.2) 0.57 0.90
 Active 9.9 (5.5-15.3) 10.1 (4.5-17.4) 0.24 0.66
 Passive 0.1 (0.0-3.4) 0.6 (0.0-4.5) 0.33 0.38
Home 5.6 (2.6-13.3) 5.5 (2.6-10.4) −2.82 0.05
  1. Bold: significant difference p < 0.05.
  2. aDifferences were estimated using multilevel adjusted for differences in age, BMI, number of valid days & time in domain. School included to account for clustering.
  3. bDifferences were estimated using multilevel adjusted for differences in gender, BMI, number of valid days & time in domain. School included to account for clustering.
  4. IQR, Inter Quartile Range; MVPA, Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity, PE, Physical Education.