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Table 4 Proportion of time spent in MVPA when in domains and subdomains by age and gender

From: Using accelerometers and global positioning system devices to assess gender and age differences in children’s school, transport, leisure and home based physical activity

  Girls   Boys   Adjusted differencea  
  %   %   Reference = girl  
  Median IQR Median IQR % p-value
Total MVPA 6.7 (4.9-8.5) 9.1 (6.5-12.2) 2.4 <0.001
Leisure time 5.4 (3.7-8.5) 8.7 (4.9-15.3) 4.2 <0.001
 School grounds 12.5 (7.2-20.5) 20.7 (13.0-31.7) 9.3 <0.001
 Clubs 9.5 (0.0-50.0) 14.8 (3.9-50.0) 7.2 0.09
 Sports facilities 13.2 (0.0-38.1) 24.3 (0.0-49.4) 8.5 0.018
 Playgrounds 20.7 (1.8-55.0) 35.4 (11.3-75.0) 12.0 0.013
 Urban green space 17.1 (4.3-34.5) 23.8 (10.2-42.1) 9.7 <0.001
 Shopping center 2.4 (0.0-14.3) 6.1 (0.0-24.8) 6.6 0.17
 Other places 2.6 (1.5-4.3) 3.2 (2.0-6.4) 1.5 0.008
School 5.9 (4.0-8.1) 8.3 (5.6-11.4) 2.2 <0.001
 Recess 10.7 (6.0-15.8) 15.8 (11.2-22.6) 5.7 <0.001
 PE 16.6 (9.4-28.2) 25.8 (13.4-39.3) 7.8 <0.001
Transport 24.9 (14.7-40.0) 32.0 (17.2-46.6) 6.5 0.001
 Active 31.3 (16.5-48.2) 34.7 (17.9-54.7) 6.0 0.007
 Passive 9.6 (1.8-23.0) 15.5 (5.6-26.8) 4.8 0.022
Home 3.6 (1.9-5.5) 3.4 (1.6-6.9) 0.5 0.85
  Children   Adolescents   Adjusted difference b  
  %   %   Reference = child  
  Median IQR Median IQR % p-value
Total MVPA 8.2 (6.2-10.8) 6.7 (4.6-9.6) −0.9 0.008
Leisure time 7.1 (4.4-11.5) 5.9 (3.8-10.8) −0.9 0.11
 School grounds 18.6 (10.1-26.9) 13.5 (7.6-23.8) −0.9 0.11
 Clubs 9.6 (0.7-46.7) 19.1 (3.4-53.3) 7.5 0.08
 Sports facilities 17.9 (0.0-44.6) 17.8 (0.0-45.0) −2.1 0.94
 Playgrounds 28.2 (5.6-57.1) 33.3 (10.0-75.0) 10.0 0.14
 Urban green space 19.6 (6.6-35.7) 22.2 (6.5-42.7) 1.1 0.36
 Shopping center 5.4 (0.0-17.9) 2.5 (0.0-15.6) −5.1 0.60
 Other places 3.1 (1.7-4.9) 2.9 (1.6-5.2) −0.3 0.92
School 7.8 (5.6-10.9) 5.6 (3.9-8.0) −2.1 <0.001
 Recess 14.8 (10.6-22.2) 9.8 (5.2-15.6) −5.0 <0.001
 PE 21.5 (10.9-37.6) 20.5 (12.3-29.1) −3.6 0.22
Transport 31.4 (17.7-45.2) 24.0 (12.9-39.1) −1.9 0.27
 Active 35.1 (18.8-53.9) 30.0 (14.3-48.2) −0.3 0.61
 Passive 13.3 (2.9-24.3) 12.9 (3.4-24.1) −0.5 0.94
Home 3.7 ((1.8-6.9 ) 3.1 (1.8-5.1) −1.0 0.17
  1. Bold: significant difference p < 0.05.
  2. aDifferences were estimated using multilevel adjusted for differences in age, BMI, number of valid days & time in domain. School included to account for clustering.
  3. bDifferences were estimated using multilevel adjusted for differences in gender, BMI, number of valid days & time in domain. School included to account for clustering.
  4. IQR, Inter Quartile Range; MVPA, Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity, PE, Physical Education.