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Table 5 Determinants of exercise maintenance

From: Determinants of exercise adherence and maintenance among cancer survivors: a systematic review

  N N + (ref) N- (ref) N0 (ref) LoE
Demographic & Clinical      
Age 3   2 [52, 56] 1 [53] C
Education 3 1 [56]   2 [52, 53] C
Being married 3    3 [52, 53, 56] C
Income 3    3 [52, 53, 56] C
Employment 3    3 [52, 53, 56] C
Smoking 2    2 [52, 53] C
Disease stage 3    3 [52, 53, 56] C
Chemotherapy cycle 2    2 [52, 53] C
Type of chemotherapy 2    2 [52, 53] C
Psychological      
Self-efficacy 4 2 [54, 56]   2 [53, 55] C
Instrumental attitude 3 2 [52, 56]   1 [53] C
Affective attitude 3 1 [56]   2 [52, 53] C
Fatigue 3   2 [52, 56] 1 [53] C
Quality of life 3 1 [56]   2 [52, 53] C
Intention 3 2 [53, 56]   1 [52] C
Perceived behavioral control 2    2 [52, 53] C
Social norms 3    3 [52, 53, 56] C
Anxiety 2    2 [52, 53] C
Depression 2    2 [52, 53] C
Physical      
PA intervention adherence 4 2 [51, 56]   2 [52, 53] C
Body mass index 4   2 [52, 54] 2 [53, 56] C
PA at baseline 3 2 [52, 56]   1 [53] C
Body composition 2    2 [52, 53] C
Cardiovascular fitness 2 1 [54]   1 [50] C
  1. N+, number of studies showing a positive association; N-, number of studies showing a negative association; N0, number of studies showing no association.
  2. LoE, Level of Evidence: A. strong evidence; B. moderate evidence; C. insufficient evidence.
  3. PA = physical activity.