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Table 2 Coding scheme for children’s menus at top 10 quick service and top 10 full service restaurants

From: Healthier side dishes at restaurants: an analysis of children’s perspectives, menu content, and energy impacts

Variables coded from each menu Description
1. Availability of a FV side dish Whether there was at least one FV side available on the children’s menu (1) or not (0)
2. Prevalence of FV side dishes The number of FV side dishes divided by the total number of side dishes on each children’s menu
3. Default status of FV side dishes Restaurants were coded based on the default side dish options on their children’s menu:
1 = FV always the default Included restaurants in which a FV was always the default side dish and restaurants in which there was no default, but all side dishes offered were FV
2 = FV sometimes the default Included restaurants in which the side dish depended on the main dish ordered: some meals came with a FV side dish by default while others did not
3 = FV never the default Included restaurants in which a non-FV was always the default side dish and restaurants in which there were no default side dishes (and possible side dish options included non-FV)
4. Types of FV side dishes: Whether each of the FV side dish items listed below (n = 19 possibilities across restaurants) were included on the children’s menu (0 = no, 1 = yes, 2 = two distinct forms of that item were included as side dish options; e.g., corn on the cob and corn kernels).
• Apples  
• Applesauce
• Mixed fruit
• Grapes
• Oranges
• Non-fried potatoes
• Corn
• Green beans
• Broccoli
• Carrots
• Celery
• Salad
• Mixed vegetables
• Pineapple
• Baked beans
• Cole slaw
• Berries
• Other beans
• Greens
  1. Note: The top 10 quick service restaurants were: McDonald’s, Subway, Burger King, Wendy’s, Taco Bell, KFC, Chik-Fil-A, Sonic, Jack-in-the-box, Arby’s. The top 10 full service restaurants were: Applebee’s, Olive Garden, Chili’s, Red Lobster, IHOP, Denny’s, Outback Steakhouse, Buffalo Wild Wings, Cracker Barrel, and TGI Friday’s. FV = non-fried fruit or vegetable.