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Table 5 Evidence of the OWNER RELATED (Demographic and personal beliefs) correlates of dog walking

From: How might we increase physical activity through dog walking?: A comprehensive review of dog walking correlates

   Evidence of a positive association Evidence of a negative association No evidence of an association Where some elements show evidence of a positive association but others no evidence of an association
Demographics Gender (female) 40, 58   27, 26, 59, 83, 101, 48  
Age (middle aged sometimes most likely) 23, 58, 101   27, 40, 34, 59, 48  
Ethnicity (white) 59, 83    
Education 58, 83   27, 40, 59, 48  
Employment    27, 34  
Income 27, 40, 26, 101   59  
Health    58, 83  
Weight status   58, 59, 83   
Other people in household or dependents living at home 58   27, 34, 83  
Marital status 27    
Others in household walk dog    24, 25, 26  
Personal beliefs Theory of Planned Behaviour constructs 26, 43    42
Lack of time   43, 57*   
  1. For quantitative observational studies, bolded citation number = multivariable adjusted evidence or unbolded citation number = univariable evidence.
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