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Table 2 Weighted prevalence of selected educational outcomes among the sample by BMI, sociodemographic, and health characteristics (N = 45,255)

From: Educational outcomes associated with childhood obesity in the United States: cross-sectional results from the 2011–2012 National Survey of Children’s Health

Sociodemographic characteristics School absence (missing >2 weeks of school in past year) Problem at school (child reported having a problem at school) Child repeated a grade in school Child reported low school engagement Fair/poor overall health Healthcare visits
  % SE P-value % SE P-value % SE P-value % SE P-value % SE P-value % SE P-value
Child’s BMI status    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    0.016
Non-overweight 6.1 0.33   28.3 0.61   9.6 0.41   20.7 0.53   2.4 0.24   87.1 0.48  
Overweight 5.9 0.61   36.0 1.39   11.7 0.95   23.9 1.18   3.3 0.42   88.1 0.88  
Obese 9.8 0.86   38.5 1.43   13.6 0.89   28.0 1.27   7.0 0.72   83.7 1.27  
Child’s age (years)    <0.001    0.009    <0.001    <0.001    0.125    0.069
10-11 4.8 0.53   31.5 1.07   9.2 0.71   16.9 0.85   3.3 0.50   84.8 0.94  
12-14 6.2 0.41   32.9 0.86   10.0 0.54   21.7 0.72   3.0 0.33   87.2 0.63  
15-17 7.8 0.47   29.3 0.82   12.5 0.60   26.2 0.77   4.0 0.32   85.7 0.66  
Child’s gender    0.833    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    0.378    0.020
Male 6.5 0.38   37.6 0.76   12.9 0.52   29.4 0.70   3.6 0.34   85.1 0.61  
Female 6.4 0.38   24.4 0.69   8.5 0.46   14.7 0.53   3.3 0.25   87.0 0.56  
Race/ethnicity    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
Hispanic 6.1 0.82   33.3 1.53   12.3 1.05   20.6 1.32   7.1 0.84   80.4 1.30  
Non-Hispanic white 7.4 0.34   27.8 0.58   8.4 0.35   21.4 0.51   1.9 0.14   89.4 0.42  
Non-Hispanic black 4.4 0.54   43.1 1.42   19.3 1.15   30.5 1.28   4.7 0.58   84.3 1.01  
Non-Hispanic mixed race 8.7 1.06   37.7 2.38   11.1 1.37   21.5 1.67   3.4 0.72   89.0 1.23  
Other 2.9 0.46   22.4 1.72   6.9 1.26   17.3 1.75   2.0 0.36   78.2 2.13  
Household composition    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    0.001
Two-parent biological 5.3 0.32   25.2 0.64   6.7 0.36   16.1 0.49   2.7 0.27   87.1 0.53  
Two-parent stepfamily 7.2 0.75   36.6 1.53   14.5 1.13   31.3 1.48   4.0 0.71   84.7 1.29  
Single mother 9.4 0.68   41.3 1.24   17.9 1.01   30.3 1.11   5.2 0.52   86.4 0.85  
Other family type 6.5 1.07   40.1 1.87   16.4 1.35   31.5 1.84   3.5 0.49   80.3 1.67  
Place of residence    0.074    0.291    <0.001    0.537    0.166    0.005
Metropolitan 6.3 0.31   31.2 0.59   9.9 0.38   22.1 0.51   3.5 0.25   86.6 0.47  
Non-metropolitan 7.6 0.54   30.2 1.00   14.8 0.89   23.2 0.84   2.9 0.28   83.4 0.90  
Highest household/parental education    0.005    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    
<12 years 6.3 0.77   38.7 2.09   20.8 1.69   25.6 1.79   9.5 1.23   74.8 1.81  
12 years 7.2 0.63   35.3 1.24   15.9 0.90   27.4 1.07   4.4 0.47   81.1 1.08  
13-15 years 7.9 0.61   35.1 1.06   12.6 0.75   26.0 0.94   3.2 0.30   86.2 0.80  
16+ years 5.4 0.38   25.0 0.66   4.7 0.31   16.7 0.57   1.6 0.25   91.6 0.48  
Household poverty status    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
Below 100% 8.4 0.69   39.4 1.48   22.0 1.20   29.2 1.28   7.6 0.68   77.6 1.27  
100-199% 7.2 0.54   36.4 1.30   13.0 0.79   24.5 1.04   4.4 0.59   82.0 1.06  
200-399% 6.4 0.54   30.1 0.94   7.9 0.55   21.6 0.81   2.6 0.38   87.7 0.72  
At or above 400% 4.8 0.44   23.2 0.78   4.6 0.35   16.7 0.71   0.9 0.12   92.9 0.50  
Child’s overall health status    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001       
Excellent/very good/good 5.7 0.26   30.4 0.52   10.3 0.35   21.7 0.45        
Fair/poor 29.3 2.69   53.6 3.25   24.0 2.61   38.6 3.04        
Healthcare visit for well- or sick-care    <0.001    <0.001    0.004    0.434       
Yes 7.0 0.30   32.0 0.55   10.2 0.35   22.1 0.47        
No 2.9 0.42   26.2 1.55   14.0 1.24   23.3 1.45        
  1. Note: p-values are associated with chi-square tests for independence between each covariate and educational or health outcome.