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Table 1 Summary of measures used

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in children’s diet: the role of the home food environment

Name of measure Description Details Range
SPAN Healthy Eating Index (SHEI) Combines information on previous day consumption of both healthy marker foods, and unhealthy marker foods, as reported by child Eight healthy foods included in the index include baked or grilled (not fried) meats, milk, yogurt, brown rice, brown pasta, a variety of vegetable types, fruits (not fruit juice), and beans. The five unhealthy foods include fried meat, red meat, sugar-sweetened beverages, salty fried snacks, and a variety of dessert items. Items are summed, and scaled to a range of 0-100, with higher values representing healthier diets. 0-100
Socioeconomic Status Categorical measure of parental education Single measure classified into 4 categories 0-3
Neighborhood Environment (specific) Perceived Neighborhood Food Access (reported by parents) Single binary measure 0-1
Neighborhood Environment (global) Neighborhood/School SES measure: Percent of children not eligible for free / subsidized school lunches Single continuous measure, obtained from publicly available administrative data 0-100
Physical Home food environment index Consists of 2 sub-indices – availability of healthy foods and absence of unhealthy foods Availability of healthy food derived as sum of 4 binary indicators describing availability of each of 4 healthy marker foods)
Absence of unhealthy food derived as sum of 2 binary indicators describing frequency of serving each of 2 unhealthy marker foods)
Social Home food environment index Includes measures of frequency of family meals, watching TV during meals, and eating at a restaurant in the past week as reported by the child Three binary measures are summed into a single index describing the social home food environment 0-3
Socio-demographic measures Age of child
Number of children in household
Location: Urban, rural or suburban
Four different measures used and entered into models as distinct measures.