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Table 4 Associations of individual components of a healthy food environment with healthy and unhealthy eating

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in children’s diet: the role of the home food environment

  Estimated association with composite Healthy Eating Index Estimated association with healthy foods Estimated association with unhealthy foods
  Beta (95% CI) p-value Beta (95% CI) p-value Beta (95% CI) p-value
Regular family meals
(REF: No)
0.13
(-0. 82, 1.07)
0.7944 -0.08
(-0.66, 0.51)
0.8008 0.05
(-0.37, 0.46)
0.8299
TV is not on during dinner
(REF: TV is on)
0.8
(0.24, 1.36)
0.0052 0.26
(-0.09, 0.61)
0.1429 -0.27
(-0.51, -.02)
0.0349
Child did not eat at a restaurant on the previous day
(REF: Had at least one restaurant meal)
1.46
(0.73, 2.2)
<.0001 -1.18
(-1.64, -0.73)
<.0001 -2.11
(-2.44, -1.79)
<.0001
Availability of healthy foods at the family dinner table (range: 0-4) 0.76
(0.54, 0.98)
<.0001 0.38
(0.24, 0.51)
<.0001 -0.15
(-0.25, -0.06)
0.0019
Restriction of unhealthy foods at the family dinner table (range: 0-2) 0.35
(-0.01, 0.71)
0.0590 -0.06
(-0. 29, 0.16)
0.5786 -0.25
(-0.41, -0.09)
0.0021
Difference between lowest and highest educational category, before adjusting for home food environment -1.1
(-2.04, -0.15)
0.0227 0.17
(-0.42, 0.76)
0.5693 0.88
(0.46, 1.31)
<.0001
Difference between lowest and highest educational category, after adjusting for home food environment -1.04
(-2.01, -0.07)
0.0356 0.17
(-0.44, 0.77)
0.5895 0.84
(0.41, 1.27)
0.0001
  1. NOTES: SPAN Healthy Eating Index (SHEI) is a composite measure combining responses to consumption of healthy foods and unhealthy foods, scaled to 100, and coded so that higher scores represent healthier diets. See Table 1 for a listing of the healthy and unhealthy foods comprising the SHEI. This table examines the composite SHEI, as well as the healthy foods and unhealthy foods components separately.