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Table 3 Direct, indirect, and total effect estimates of overweight/obese status, time spent with friends, and time spent in MVPA on time spent television viewing.

From: Time with friends and physical activity as mechanisms linking obesity and television viewing among youth

  Model Outcomes
  Time with Friends Time in MVPA Time Viewing TV without Friends
  Coefficient (SE) p value 95% CI Coefficient (SE) p value 95% CI Coefficient (SE) p value 95% CI
Direct Effects:          
Overweight/Obese -0.279 (0.114) 0.015 (-0.50, -0.06) -0.096 (0.054) 0.074 (-0.20, 0.01) 0.246 (0.093) 0.008 (0.06, 0.42)
Time in MVPA -- -- -- -- -- -- -0.091 (0.038) 0.017 (-0.17, -0.02)
Time with Friends -- -- -- 0.095 (0.019) 0.000 (0.05, 0.13) -0.214 (0.020) 0.000 (-0.25, -0.18)
Indirect Effects:          
Overweight/Obese 0 0 0 -0.027 (0.011) 0.015 (-0.05, -0.01) 0.071 (0.026) 0.006 (0.02, 0.12)
Time in MVPA -- -- -- -- -- -- 0 0 0
Time with Friends -- -- -- 0 0 0 -0.009 (0.002) 0.000 (-0.012, -0.005)
Total Effects:          
Overweight/Obese -0.279 (0.114) 0.015 (-0.50, -0.06) -0.123 (0.055) 0.026 (-0.23, -0.01) 0.317 (0.097) 0.001 (0.13, 0.51)
Time in MVPA -- -- -- -- -- -- -0.091 (0.038) 0.017 (-0.17, -0.02)
Time with Friends -- -- -- 0.095 (0.019) 0.000 (0.06, 0.13) -0.222 (0.019) 0.000 (-0.26, -0.18)
  1. Note. Effect coefficients are presented in unstandardized form.