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Table 1 Participant demographics by vegetarian status

From: Diets and selected lifestyle practices of self-defined adult vegetarians from a population-based sample suggest they are more 'health conscious'

  Non-vegetarian (n = 1711) Vegetarian (n = 106) Test Statistic 1 P value
Age (years, mean ± SE) 44.8 ± 0.4 41.5 ± 1.8 F = 3.63 0.057
Age Group    χ2 = 9.80 0.020
   19 – 30 years 24.8% 38.1%   
   31 – 50 years 40.9% 31.4%   
   50 – 70 years 24.3% 20.0%   
   71+ years 10.1% 10.5%   
Sex (% female) 49.2% 70.8% χ2 = 18.58 <0.001
Marital status    χ2 = 17.55 0.001
   Single 22.5% 35.2%   
   Married 62.7% 50.5%   
   Widowed 5.3% 10.5%   
   Divorced/separated 9.5% 3.8%   
Education level    χ2 = 0.45 0.800
   Secondary or less 33.3% 32.1%   
   Technical or some university 47.6% 46.2%   
   University graduate 19.1% 21.7%   
Low income 22.8% 37.2% χ2 = 9.28 0.002
Weight (kg, mean ± SE)     
   Men 83.1 ± 0.6 82.2 ± 3.0 F = 0.10 0.754
   Women 67.9 ± 0.6 62.5 ± 1.8 F = 7.92 0.005
BMI (kg/m2, mean ± SE)     
   Men 26.7 ± 0.2 25.9 ± 0.8 F = 0.81 0.346
   Women 25.7 ± 0.2 23.1 ± 0.7 F = 13.66 <0.001
BMI category – men    χ2 = 0.92 0.821
   Underweight (< 18) 0.2% 0.0%   
   Normal weight (18-<25) 48.8% 51.6%   
   Overweight (≥ 25-<30) 31.6% 35.5%   
   Obese (≥ 30) 19.4% 12.9%   
BMI category – women    χ2 = 16.34 0.001
   Underweight (< 18) 1.1% 0.0%   
   Normal weight (18-<25) 59.6% 83.1%   
   Overweight (≥ 25-<30) 21.2% 12.7%   
   Obese (≥ 30) 18.1% 4.2%   
Waist Circ. (cm, mean ± SE)     
   Men 91.7 ± 0.4 92.5 ± 2.3 F = 0.11 0.740
   Women 79.8 ± 0.5 75.0 ± 1.5 F = 9.66 0.002
Health Condition – Men (% yes)     
   Diabetes 5.5 3.2 χ2 = 0.31 0.580
   Heart disease 6.1 19.4 χ2 = 8.59 0.003
   Stroke 0.8 3.2 χ2 = 1.99 0.158
   High blood pressure 11.6 6.5 χ2 = 0.79 0.375
   High cholesterol 14.7 9.7 χ2 = 0.61 0.434
   Cancer 4.5 6.5 χ2 = 0.27 0.606
   Osteoporosis 0.7 0.0 χ2 = 0.22 0.643
   None of the above 70.9 63.3 χ2 = 0.81 0.370
Health Condition – Women (% yes)     
   Diabetes 4.9 1.3 χ2 = 1.97 0.160
   Heart disease 3.7 4.0 χ2 = 0.02 0.889
   Stroke 1.9 0.0 χ2 = 1.45 0.228
   High blood pressure 15.3 6.7 χ2 = 4.15 0.042
   High cholesterol 11.3 6.8 χ2 = 1.44 0.230
   Cancer 8.3 1.3 χ2 = 4.70 0.030
   Osteoporosis 6.1 8.0 χ2 = 0.44 0.506
   None of the above 67.7 78.4 χ2 = 3.62 0.057
  1. 1. Statistical analysis consisted of ANOVA (vegetarian versus non-vegetarian, with age as a covariate) for continuous variables. Chi-square analysis was used for categorical variables.
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