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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants1.

From: Estimated physical activity in Bavaria, Germany, and its implications for obesity risk: Results from the BVS-II Study

  Total (n = 893) Women (n = 528) Men (n = 365) p-value2
  n % n % n %  
Age (years)        0.713
   <18 48 7.4 20 6.4 28 8.6  
   18-<30 99 13.5 65 14.0 34 12.9  
   30-<40 196 21.0 125 20.2 71 21.8  
   40-<50 182 19.0 119 19.7 63 18.2  
   50-<65 228 23.8 129 23.5 99 24.2  
   ≥65 140 15.2 70 16.2 70 14.1  
Body mass index (kg/m 2 )        <0.001
   underweight (<18.5) 35 4.2 25 5.9 10 2.4  
   normal (18.5-<25) 402 44.9 265 49.3 137 40.0  
   overweight (25-<30) 312 34.1 154 27.4 158 41.5  
   obese (≥30) 144 16.6 84 17.1 60 16.1  
grade I (30-<35) 99 11.2 54 10.5 45 12.0  
grade II (35-<40) 31 3.6 17 3.3 14 3.8  
grade III (≥40) 14 1.9 13 3.5 1 0.2  
Socioeconomic status        0.001
   low 133 13.6 81 14.3 52 12.9  
   low-medium 230 25.5 129 25.7 101 25.4  
   medium 262 29.3 163 29.9 99 28.7  
   medium-high 178 21.2 118 24.0 60 18.2  
   high 90 10.3 37 6.2 53 14.8  
Employment        <0.001
   employed 429 48.1 241 41.2 188 55.6  
   homemaker 152 13.9 151 26.5 1 0.2  
   student/articled 78 12.3 35 10.3 43 14.6  
   unemployed/other 36 4.1 14 2.2 22 6.2  
   retired 198 21.5 87 19.7 111 23.4  
Smoking status        <0.001
   never 473 52.3 320 61.2 153 42.6  
   former 183 21.0 83 16.0 100 26.3  
   current 236 26.7 124 22.6 112 31.1  
   missing Data 1 0.1 1 0.2 0 0.0  
Marital status        <0.001
   single 176 21.6 82 17.1 94 26.6  
   married/cohabiting 578 67.0 337 65.8 241 68.4  
   divorced/widowed 138 11.3 108 17.1 30 5.0  
   missing data 1 0.0 1 0.0 0 0.0  
  mean ± SD  
Height (cm) 169.6 ± 9.1   164.0 ± 6.7   175.5 ± 7.3   <0.001
Weight (kg) 74.3 ± 15.6   68.1 ± 13.9   81.0 ± 14.6   <0.001
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 25.8 ± 5.2   25.5 ± 5.8   26.2 ± 4.3   0.038
BMR (kcal) 1601 ± 253   1419 ± 132   1801 ± 197   <0.001
Energy intake (kcal) 3 2001 ± 667   1704 ± 529   2326 ± 652   <0.001
  1. 1weighted for deviation from the underlying Bavarian population (sex, age, region)
  2. 2Chi-Square test or independent-samples t-test for gender differences
  3. 33 × 24-hour dietary recall