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Table 2 Participant Characteristics at Pre-intervention examines as moderator/action

From: Behavior change following a self-management intervention for housebound older adults with arthritis: an experimental study

  Experimental N = 65 Control N = 48  
  M (SD) M (SD) p (1)
Age 77.0 10.4 78.7 10.2 p = .81
Education 9.4 4.1 9.2 4.2 p = .89
Socioeconomic status      
   High (%) 87.7 72.9 p = .20
   Low (%) 12.3 27.1 p = .12
Composite Psychological factor -.02 (.93) -.04 (1.01) p = .76
   Optimism 3.27 (.84) 3.39 (.73) p = .51
   Mastery 2.92 (.61) 2.80 (.73) p = .44
   Self-efficacy 56.67 (14.79) 53.17 (14.38) p = .61
Depression 19.05 (12.4) 20.21 (11.2) p = .79
Type of arthritis, OA (%) 58.5 66.7 p = .57
Composite Physical factor - .03 (-.99) -.15 (1.02) p = .16
   Pain intensity 65.31 (24.79) 63.65 (22.49) p = .77
   Fatigue 66.00 (28.97) 72.60 (23.83) p = .40
   Functional limitations 3.43 (1.37) 3.31 (1.29) p = .58
   Stiffness 3.11 (.97) 3.24 (.90) p = .37
  1. 1 Comparison of the 2 groups via independent samples t-tests and chi-squares for categorical variables.