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Table 3 Observed Values on Outcome Variables at Different Times.

From: Behavior change following a self-management intervention for housebound older adults with arthritis: an experimental study

Measure time Baseline Pre-intervention Post-intervention Relative increase 1
Outcome variables Max Exp. Control Exp. Control Exp. Control Exp. Control
Group          
Occurrence of exercise 21 7.35 7.12 6.48 4.79 10.02 5.64 54.5 17.5
• Occurrence of stretching exercises 7 2.85 2.73 2.56 2.06 4.57 2.30 78.5 12.1
• Occurrence of walking 7 2.26 2.83 2.04 1.77 2.57 1.72 25.4 -2.8
• Occurrence of strengthening exercises 7 2.25 1.56 1.87 .96 2.88 1.61 54.0 67.7
Variety of exercises 1 .47 .49 .47 .38 .63 .41 34.0 7.9
Occurrence of relaxation activities 42 3.66 6.81 5.92 6.23 6.66 6.02 12.4 -3.2
Variety of relaxation activities 1 .11 .20 .17 .17 .18 .19 5.9 11.8
Occurrence of leisure activities 56 12.22 10.85 9.43 13.02 10.12 12.13 7.32 - 6.84
Variety of leisure activities 1 .25 .25 .24 .30 .25 .29 4.21 -3.30
Variety of everyday coping behaviors 1 .64 .67 .69 .69 .74 .74 7.20 7.20
Social networks 8 4.81 4.86 4.66 4.49 4.32 4.38 -7.32 -2.45
  1. 1 Predicted relative increase computed by subtracting post-intervention values from pre-intervention values and dividing this value by the pre-intervention value.